Publication Details

Reference Category Book chapters
DOI / URL link
Title (Primary) Bioremediation via in situ microbial degradation of organic pollutants
Title (Secondary) Geobiotechnology II: Energy resources, subsurface technologies, organic pollutants and mining legal principles
Author Vogt, C.; Richnow, H.H.;
Publisher Schippers, A.; Glombitza, F.; Sand, W.;
Journal Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology
Year 2014
Department ISOBIO;
Volume 142
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T15;
Keywords In situ biodegradation; Micropollutants; Mineral oil; Monitored and enhanced natural attenuation
UFZ wide themes RU4;
Abstract Contamination of soil and natural waters by organic pollutants is a global problem. The major organic pollutants of point sources are mineral oil, fuel components, and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Research from the last two decades discovered that most of these compounds are biodegradable under anoxic conditions. This has led to the rise of bioremediation strategies based on the in situ biodegradation of pollutants. Monitored natural attenuation is a concept by which a contaminated site is remediated by natural biodegradation; to evaluate such processes, a combination of chemical and microbiological methods are usually used. Compound specific stable isotope analysis emerged as a key method for detecting and quantifying in situ biodegradation. Natural attenuation processes can be initiated or accelerated by manipulating the environmental conditions to become favorable for indigenous pollutant degrading microbial communities or by adding externally breeded specific pollutant degrading microorganisms; these techniques are referred to as enhanced natural attenuation. Xenobiotic micropollutants, such as pesticides or pharmaceuticals, contaminate diffusively large areas in low concentrations; the biodegradation pattern of such contaminations are not yet understood.
ID 15288
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=15288
Vogt, C., Richnow, H.H. (2014):
Bioremediation via in situ microbial degradation of organic pollutants
In: Schippers, A., Glombitza, F., Sand, W. (eds.)
Geobiotechnology II: Energy resources, subsurface technologies, organic pollutants and mining legal principles
Adv. Biochem. Eng. Biotechnol. 142
Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 123 - 146