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Title (Primary) Treatment of a sulfate-rich groundwater contaminated with perchloroethene in a hydroponic plant root mat filter and a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland at pilot-scale
Author Chen, Z.; Kuschk, P.; Paschke, H.; Kästner, M.; Müller, J.A.; Köser, H.;
Journal Chemosphere
Year 2014
Department UBT; ANA;
Volume 117
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Keywords Constructed wetland; Contaminated groundwater; Hydroponic plant root mat filter; Perchloroethene; Sulfide; Vinyl chloride
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract A hydroponic plant root mat filter (HPRMF) was compared over 7 months with a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland (HSSF CW) regarding the removal of perchloroethene (PCE) (about 2 mg L−1) from a sulfate- (850 mg L−1) and ammonia-rich (50 mg L−1) groundwater with a low TOC content. At a mean area specific inflow PCE load of 56 mg m−2 d−1, after 4 m from inlet, the mean PCE removal during summer time reached 97% in the HPRMF and almost 100% in the HSSF CW. Within the first 2 m in the HSSF CW metabolites like dichloroethenes, vinyl chloride and ethene accumulated, their concentrations decreased further along the flow path. Moreover, the tidal operation (a 7-d cycle) in the HSSF CW decreased the accumulation of PCE metabolites within the first 1 m of the bed. The carcinogenic degradation metabolite vinyl chloride was not detected in the HPRMF. The smaller accumulation of the degradation metabolites in the HPRMF correlated with its higher redox potential. It can be concluded from this study that HPRMF appears an interesting alternative for special water treatment tasks and that tidal operation will show some positive effects on the removal of the accumulated PCE metabolites in HSSF CW.
ID 15031
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=15031
Chen, Z., Kuschk, P., Paschke, H., Kästner, M., Müller, J.A., Köser, H. (2014):
Treatment of a sulfate-rich groundwater contaminated with perchloroethene in a hydroponic plant root mat filter and a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland at pilot-scale
Chemosphere 117 , 178 - 184