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Title (Primary) The role of lignin and cellulose in the carbon-cycling of degraded soils under semiarid climate and their relation to microbial biomass
Author Torres, I.F.; Bastida, F.; Hernández, T.; Bombach, P.; Richnow, H.H.; García, C.;
Journal Soil Biology & Biochemistry
Year 2014
Department ISOBIO; PROTEOM;
Volume 75
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Keywords Semiarid; Carbon cycling: microbial biomass; Cellulose; Lignin; Stable-isotope-probing
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract A high level of biological degradation is usually observed in soils under semiarid climate where the low inputs of vegetal debris constraint the development of microbiota. Among vegetal inputs, cellulose and lignin are dominant substrates but their assimilation by the microbial community of semiarid soils is yet not understood. In the present study, 13C-labeled cellulose and 13C-labeled lignin (75 μg 13C g−1 soil) were added to two semiarid soils with different properties and degradation level. Abanilla soil is a bare, highly degraded soil without plant cover growing on it and a total organic C content of 5.0 g kg−1; Santomera soil is covered by plants (20% coverage) based on xerophytic shrubs and has a total organic C content of 12.0 g kg−1. The fate of added carbon was evaluated by analysis of the carbon isotope signature of bulk soil-derived carbon and extractable carbon fractions (water and sodium-pyrophosphate extracts). At long-term (120 days), we observed that the stability of cellulose- and lignin-derived carbon was dependent on their chemical nature. The contribution of lignin-derived carbon to the pool of humic substances was higher than that of cellulose. However, at short-term (30 days), the mineralization of the added substrates was more related to the degradation level of soils (i.e. microbial biomass). Stable isotope probing (SIP) of phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA-SIP) analysis revealed that just a minor part of the microbial community assimilated the carbon derived from cellulose and lignin. Moreover, the relative contribution of each microbial group to the assimilation of lignin-derived carbon was different in each soil.
ID 14979
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=14979
Torres, I.F., Bastida, F., Hernández, T., Bombach, P., Richnow, H.H., García, C. (2014):
The role of lignin and cellulose in the carbon-cycling of degraded soils under semiarid climate and their relation to microbial biomass
Soil Biol. Biochem. 75 , 152 - 160