Publication Details

Reference Category Journals
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Title (Primary) Compound specific isotope analysis of organophosphorus pesticides
Author Wu, L.; Yao, J.; Trebse, P.; Zhang, N.; Richnow, H.H.
Journal Chemosphere
Year 2014
Department ISOBIO
Volume 111
Page From 458
Page To 463
Language englisch
Keywords Organophosphorus pesticides; Dichlorvos; Omethoate; Dimethoate; CSIA
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract Compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) has been established as a tool to study the environmental fate of a wide range of contaminants. In this study, CSIA was developed to analyse the stable carbon isotope signatures of the widely used organophosphorus pesticides: dichlorvos, omethoate and dimethoate. The linearity of the GC–C–IRMS system was tested for target pesticides and led to an acceptable isotope composition within the uncertainty of the instrument. In order to assess the accuracy of the developed method, the effect of the evaporation procedure on measured carbon isotope composition (δ13C) values was studied and showed that concentration by evaporation of solvents had no significant isotope effect. The CSIA was then applied to investigate isotope fractionation of the hydrolysis and photolysis of selected pesticides. The carbon isotope fractionation of tested pesticides was quantified by the Rayleigh model, which revealed a bulk enrichment factor (ε) of −0.2 ± 0.1‰ for hydrolysis of dichlorvos, −1.0 ± 0.1‰ and −3.7 ± 1.1‰ for hydrolysis and photolysis of dimethoate respectively. This study is a first step towards the application of CSIA to trace the transport and degradation of organophosphorus pesticides in the environment.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Wu, L., Yao, J., Trebse, P., Zhang, N., Richnow, H.H. (2014):
Compound specific isotope analysis of organophosphorus pesticides
Chemosphere 111 , 458 - 463