|Title (Primary)||Challenges to estimate surface- and groundwater flow in arid regions: The Dead Sea catchment|
|Author||Siebert, C.; Rödiger, T.; Mallast, U.; Gräbe, A.; Guttman, J.; Laronne, J.B.; Storz-Peretz, Y.; Greenman, A.; Salameh, E.; Al-Raggad, M.; Vachtman, D.; Zvi, A.B.; Ionescu, D.; Brenner, A.; Merz, R.; Geyer, S.|
|Journal||Science of the Total Environment|
|Keywords||Dead Sea; Groundwater flux; Surface runoff; Submarine springs; Recharge simulations|
|UFZ wide themes||RU2|
The overall aim of the this study, which was conducted within the framework of the multilateral IWRM project SUMAR, was to expand the scientific basement to quantify surface- and groundwater fluxes towards the hypersaline Dead Sea. The flux significance for the arid vicinity around the Dead Sea is decisive not only for a sustainable management in terms of water availability for future generations but also for the resilience of the unique ecosystems along its coast.
Coping with different challenges interdisciplinary methods like (i) hydrogeochemical fingerprinting, (ii) satellite and airborne-based thermal remote sensing, (iii) direct measurement with gauging station in ephemeral wadis and a first multilateral gauging station at the river Jordan, (iv) hydro-bio-geochemical approach at submarine and shore springs along the Dead Sea and (v) hydro(geo)logical modelling contributed to the overall aim.
As primary results, we deduce that the following:
The results of this work show a promising enhancement of describing and modelling the Dead Sea basin as a whole.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=14904|
|Siebert, C., Rödiger, T., Mallast, U., Gräbe, A., Guttman, J., Laronne, J.B., Storz-Peretz, Y., Greenman, A., Salameh, E., Al-Raggad, M., Vachtman, D., Zvi, A.B., Ionescu, D., Brenner, A., Merz, R., Geyer, S. (2014):
Challenges to estimate surface- and groundwater flow in arid regions: The Dead Sea catchment
Sci. Total Environ. 485-486 , 828 - 841