Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.10.116
Title (Primary) Iron oxides stimulate microbial monochlorobenzene in situ transformation in constructed wetlands and laboratory systems
Author Schmidt, M.; Wolfram, D.; Birkigt, J.; Ahlheim, J.; Paschke, H.; Richnow, H.-H.; Nijenhuis, I.
Source Titel Science of the Total Environment
Year 2014
Department ISOBIO; WANA; ANA
Volume 472
Page From 185
Page To 193
Language englisch
Keywords Constructed wetland; Chlorobenzene; In-situ biodegradation; Transition/gradient zones; Iron and nitrate
UFZ wide themes RU3;
Abstract Natural wetlands are transition zones between anoxic ground and oxic surface water which may enhance the (bio)transformation potential for recalcitrant chloro-organic contaminants due to the unique geochemical conditions and gradients. Monochlorobenzene (MCB) is a frequently detected groundwater contaminant which is toxic and was thought to be persistent under anoxic conditions. Furthermore, to date, no degradation pathways for anoxic MCB removal have been proven in the field. Hence, it is important to investigate MCB biodegradation in the environment, as groundwater is an important drinking water source in many European countries. Therefore, two pilot-scale horizontal subsurface-flow constructed wetlands, planted and unplanted, were used to investigate the processes in situ contributing to the biotransformation of MCB in these gradient systems. The wetlands were fed with anoxic MCB-contaminated groundwater from a nearby aquifer in Bitterfeld, Germany. An overall MCB removal was observed in both wetlands, whereas just 10% of the original MCB inflow concentration was detected in the ponds. In particular in the gravel bed of the planted wetland, MCB removal was highest in summer season with 73 ± 9% compared to the unplanted one with 40 ± 5%. Whereas the MCB concentrations rapidly decreased in the transition zone of unplanted gravel to the pond, a significant MCB removal was already determined in the anoxic gravel bed of the planted system. The investigation of hydro-geochemical parameters revealed that iron and sulphate reduction were relevant redox processes in both wetlands. In parallel, the addition of ferric iron or nitrate stimulated the mineralisation of MCB in laboratory microcosms with anoxic groundwater from the same source, indicating that the potential for anaerobic microbial degradation of MCB is present at the field site.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Schmidt, M., Wolfram, D., Birkigt, J., Ahlheim, J., Paschke, H., Richnow, H.-H., Nijenhuis, I. (2014):
Iron oxides stimulate microbial monochlorobenzene in situ transformation in constructed wetlands and laboratory systems
Sci. Total Environ. 472 , 185 - 193 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.10.116