Publication Details

Reference Category Conference contributions
DOI / URL link
Title (Primary) Linkage of a finite element flow model with a soil moisture model: challanges under semiarid conditions
Title (Secondary) American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2008
Author Rödiger, T.; Siebert, C.; Krause, P.;
Year 2008
Department CATHYD;
Volume Abstract H12D-06
Language englisch;
Abstract The arid to semiarid Middle East is a region of extreme growth of population. Hence, the rare and over- expoitated water resources in that region have to be more protected against antropogenic and geogenic pollution. One way to help solving that complex issue is to develop an intelligent and integrated strategy to manage all available water resources, which is the aim of the multilateral SMART-project in the Lower Jordan Valley. To generate such an IWRM, all water resources (groundwater, surface runoff, waste water) of the valley and its shoulders have to be quanti- and qualitatively evaluated. The strategy of SMART is to upscale knowledge, extracted from local catchment areas to the project scale, which covers the area between Sea of Galilee, Jerusalem, Dead Sea and Amman. The study areas of the here presented sub-project are the Wadis Qilt (Palestine) and Al Arab (Jordan). The aim of the sub-project is to evaluate natural resources on catchment scale by combining hydrochemical and hydraulical methods to develop a high precision model. Concerning the quantification of the system, two seperated models will be linked: a numerical finite element flow-model for the groundwater passage and a new devolped hydrological model JAMS, which is excellently prepared for humid conditions. The power of JAMS is the highly accurate assessment of soil moisture balance and consequently of surface runoff and groundwater recharge. However, the empirical equations and input parameters have to be adjusted onto the conditions of the semiarid Wadi Al Arab and the arid Wadi Qilt. After the adaption of JAMS, the spatially and temporarily differentiated calculation of runoff and groundwater recharge is possible. Beside climatic gradients, the key issue is, to correctly evaluate the evapotranspiration in respect to the different classes of landuse. In the study area Wadi Al Arab, the groundwater recharge was calculated as area-indicated output parameter of JAMS. This output was used to be the spatial differentiated input parameter of the numerical flow model. The advantage is the direct comparability of the finite-element meshs of JAMS and FeFlow. However, the individual definitions of values (recharge, base flow, exfiltration of JAMS, infiltration of FeFlow, etc.) of both models have to be linked by an interface between both systems. One of the biggest challenges is the temporal discretization of recharge between leaving soilcrust and entering groundwater table. In fact, the target was to evaluate the effects of retardation of the unsaturated zone in dependence to the hydraulic parameters of the entire groundwater reservoir.
ID 14487
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Rödiger, T., Siebert, C., Krause, P. (2008):
Linkage of a finite element flow model with a soil moisture model: challanges under semiarid conditions
American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2008
Abstract H12D-06