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Title (Primary) Using individual-based movement models to assess inter-patch connectivity for large carnivores in fragmented landscapes
Author Kanagaraj, R.; Wiegand, T.; Kramer-Schadt, S.; Goyal, S.P.;
Journal Biological Conservation
Year 2013
Department OESA;
Volume 167
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T53;
Keywords Carnivore conservation; Fragmented landscapes; Inter-patch connectivity; Movement model; Panthera tigris; Spatially explicit individual-based model; Terai Arc Landscape; Tiger
UFZ wide themes RU5;
Abstract Most rare and endangered large carnivores such as tiger (Panthera tigris) exist in human-dominated landscapes as small, fragmented and isolated populations across their range. Connectivity between the remaining populations in the habitat fragments is essential for their long-term persistence and focus of management initiatives. We describe an individual-based, spatially explicit model of tiger movement behavior based on previously developed habitat models to (i) quantify inter-patch connectivity among major (protected) habitat patches in the Terai Arc Landscape of India and Nepal and (ii) investigate the effect of potential management initiatives, e.g. restoring corridors, on enhancing connectivity among fragmented protected habitats. Connectivity was not solely a function of distance between patches, but an outcome of the interplay between movement behavior and landscape composition, with asymmetric connectivity explained by canalizing or diffusing effects of the landscape, and depending on the landscape context of the starting patch. Patch connectivity was mostly determined by autocorrelation in tiger movement, the daily movement capacity, landscape structure, and the amount of matrix habitat. Several habitat patches were likely to be island-like and already effectively isolated. However, simulating scenarios of corridor restoration showed that most habitat patches in India and between India and Nepal could recover connectivity, which may mitigate negative genetic consequences of small population size and effective isolation on tiger populations in this landscape. Combining habitat models with individual-based models is a powerful and robust approach that could be widely applied to delineate dispersal corridors of large carnivores and quantify patch connectivity even if data are scarce.
ID 14074
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=14074
Kanagaraj, R., Wiegand, T., Kramer-Schadt, S., Goyal, S.P. (2013):
Using individual-based movement models to assess inter-patch connectivity for large carnivores in fragmented landscapes
Biol. Conserv. 167 , 298 - 309