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Title (Primary) Floodplain lakes as an archive for the metal pollution in the River Elbe (Germany) during the 20th century
Author Zachmann, D.W.; van der Veen, A.; Friese, K.;
Journal Applied Geochemistry
Year 2013
Department SEEFO;
Volume 35
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T31;
UFZ wide themes RU2;
Abstract

The German Elbe River floodplains rank under the most polluted areas in Europe. A sudden concentration increase of potentially harmful elements (PHEs) is documented in sediment profiles of Elbe bayous. The increase is dated to the mid of the 20th century (137Cs) and indicates industrialization of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) as the source of intense pollution. The collapse of the GDR and the industries in the 1990s is traced by a concentration decrease in young sediments. The contamination is restricted to an increase of unstable binding forms; the hydroxide binding form is predominant. The geogenic concentration portions are of normal level and remain stable throughout the profiles (0–2 m). The equilibrium of contradictory binding forms in the sediments makes it mandatory not to interfere with the thermodynamic conditions and to keep the Elbe floodplain as an undisturbed ecological system.

ID 13953
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=13953
Zachmann, D.W., van der Veen, A., Friese, K. (2013):
Floodplain lakes as an archive for the metal pollution in the River Elbe (Germany) during the 20th century
Appl. Geochem. 35 , 24 - 27