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Title (Primary) In situ identification and N2 and C fixation rates of uncultivated cyanobacteria populations
Author Krupke, A.; Musat, N.; LaRoche, J.; Mohr, W.; Fuchs, B.M.; Amann, R.I.; Kuypers, M.M.M.; Foster, R.A.;
Journal Systematic and Applied Microbiology
Year 2013
Department ISOBIO;
Volume 36
Issue 4
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Keywords N2 fixation; UCYN-A; UCYN-B; CARD-FISH; HISH-SIMS; nanoSIMS; Cyanobacteria
UFZ wide themes ru3
Abstract

Nitrogen (N2) fixation is a globally important process often mediated by diazotrophic cyanobacteria in the open ocean. In 2010, seawater was collected near Cape Verde to identify and measure N2 and carbon (C) fixation by unicellular diazotrophic cyanobacteria. The nifH gene abundance (104–106 nifH L−1) and nifH gene transcript abundance (102–104 cDNA nifH L−1) for two unicellular groups, UCYN-A and UCYN-B, were detected. UCYN-A was also identified and quantified (104–105 cells L−1) by new probes (UCYN-A732 and UCYN-A159) using Catalyzed Reporter Deposition-Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (CARD-FISH) assays. The UCYN-A were observed as free cells or attached to a larger unidentified eukaryotic cell. A Halogen In Situ Hybridization-Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (HISH-SIMS) assay using the UCYN-A732 probe was applied on samples previously incubated with 13C-bicarbonate and 15N2. Free UCYN-A cells were enriched in both 13C and 15N and estimated C and N2 fixation rates for UCYN-A were lower compared to co-occurring unicellular cyanobacteria cells similar in size (3.1–5.6 μm) and pigmentation to diazotroph Crocosphaera watsonii. Here, we identify and quantify two common co-occurring unicellular groups and measure their cellular activities by nanoSIMS.

ID 13929
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=13929
Krupke, A., Musat, N., LaRoche, J., Mohr, W., Fuchs, B.M., Amann, R.I., Kuypers, M.M.M., Foster, R.A. (2013):
In situ identification and N2 and C fixation rates of uncultivated cyanobacteria populations
Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 36 (4), 259 - 271