Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1128/AEM.00467-13
Title (Primary) Insights into the structure and metabolic function of microbes that shape pelagic iron-rich aggregates ("iron snow")
Author Lu, S.; Chourey, K.; Reiche, M.; Nietzsche, S.; Shah, M.B.; Neu, T.R.; Hettich, R.L.; Küsel, K.
Journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Year 2013
Department FLOEK
Volume 79
Issue 14
Page From 4272
Page To 4281
Language englisch
UFZ wide themes RU2;
Abstract Microbial ferrous iron [Fe(II)] oxidation leads to the formation of iron-rich macroscopic aggregates (“iron snow”) at the redoxcline in a stratified lignite mine lake in east-central Germany. We aimed to identify the abundant Fe-oxidizing and Fe-reducing microorganisms likely to be involved in the formation and transformation of iron snow present in the redoxcline in two basins of the lake that differ in their pH values. Nucleic acid- and lipid-stained microbial cells of various morphologies detected by confocal laser scanning microscopy were homogeneously distributed in all iron snow samples. The dominant iron mineral appeared to be schwertmannite, with shorter needles in the northern than in the central basin samples. Total bacterial 16S rRNA gene copies ranged from 5.0 × 108 copies g (dry weight)−1 in the acidic central lake basin (pH 3.3) to 4.0 × 1010 copies g (dry weight)−1 in the less acidic (pH 5.9) northern basin. Total RNA-based quantitative PCR assigned up to 61% of metabolically active microbial communities to Fe-oxidizing- and Fe-reducing-related bacteria, indicating that iron metabolism was an important metabolic strategy. Molecular identification of abundant groups suggested that iron snow surfaces were formed by chemoautotrophic iron oxidizers, such as Acidimicrobium, Ferrovum, Acidithiobacillus, Thiobacillus, and Chlorobium, in the redoxcline and were rapidly colonized by heterotrophic iron reducers, such as Acidiphilium, Albidiferax-like, and Geobacter-like groups. Metaproteomics yielded 283 different proteins from northern basin iron snow samples, and protein identification provided a glimpse into some of their in situ metabolic processes, such as primary production (CO2 fixation), respiration, motility, and survival strategies.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Lu, S., Chourey, K., Reiche, M., Nietzsche, S., Shah, M.B., Neu, T.R., Hettich, R.L., Küsel, K. (2013):
Insights into the structure and metabolic function of microbes that shape pelagic iron-rich aggregates ("iron snow")
Appl. Environ. Microb. 79 (14), 4272 - 4281