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Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1007/s12665-013-2469-x
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Title (Primary) Regional modeling of geothermal energy systems in shallow aquifers: the Leibnitzer Feld case study (Austria)
Author Händel, F.; Liedl, R.; Fank, J.; Rock, G.
Source Titel Environmental Earth Sciences
Year 2013
Department MET
Volume 70
Issue 8
Page From 3433
Page To 3446
Language englisch
Keywords Heat transport; Regional modeling; Geothermal energy; Groundwater heat pump
UFZ wide themes RU5;
Abstract Large thermal extractions and extensive implementation of groundwater heat pumps (GWHP) necessitate a validation of the sustainability of their use and possible detrimental effects on groundwater. The goal of this work is to develop a regional heat transport model (of ~13 km × 5 km) for real site conditions. This model should consider all relevant transport processes, despite the large area under investigation. The model is based on a two-dimensional, transient-calibrated groundwater flow model for the “Leibnitzer Feld” (Styria, Austria). The two-dimensional horizontal model is linked via the FEFLOW interface manager with a newly developed “Multi-Layer-Model”-tool, which reproduces thermal aquifer–atmosphere interaction. Based on the regional heat transport model, scenarios are delineated for heating and cooling purposes for large GWHPs, which are appropriate for a small manufacturing business, an administrative building and 10 family homes. First of all, these have large spacing and thereafter, effects of area-covering usage of geothermal systems are evaluated for five administrative buildings located in close proximity to one another (200–350 m) and also for a large number of smaller heat extractions (each representing a one family house system). Modeled spatial and temporal temperature effects on the shallow aquifer are discussed. It was possible to present a simulation of realistic heating and cooling scenarios. This simulation may be introduced into practice once some further simplifications to the system are made. Locally limited heat plumes (max. length: 625 m) were observed for the manufacturing business. Any thermal effects coming from the geothermal systems were shown to be temporally stable. As such, no distinct trend of reduced annual temperatures could be observed.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Händel, F., Liedl, R., Fank, J., Rock, G. (2013):
Regional modeling of geothermal energy systems in shallow aquifers: the Leibnitzer Feld case study (Austria)
Environ. Earth Sci. 70 (8), 3433 - 3446 10.1007/s12665-013-2469-x