Publication Details

Reference Category Journals
DOI / URL link
Title (Primary) Dynamics of cathode-associated microbial communities and metabolite profiles in a glycerol-fed bioelectrochemical system
Author Dennis, P.G.; Harnisch, F.; Yeoh, Y.K.; Tyson, G.W.; Rabaey, K.;
Journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Year 2013
Department UMB;
Volume 79
Issue 13
Language englisch;
POF III (all) R31; T15;
UFZ wide themes RU4;
Abstract

Electrical current can be used to supply reducing power to microbial metabolism. This phenomenon is typically studied in pure cultures with added redox mediators to transfer charge. Here, we investigate the development of a current-fed mixed microbial community fermenting glycerol at the cathode of a bioelectrochemical system in the absence of added mediators and identify correlations between microbial diversity and the respective product outcomes. Within 1 week of inoculation, a Citrobacter population represented 95 to 99% of the community and the metabolite profiles were dominated by 1,3-propanediol and ethanol. Over time, the Citrobacter population decreased in abundance while that of a Pectinatus population and the formation of propionate increased. After 6 weeks, several Clostridium populations and the production of valerate increased, which suggests that chain elongation was being performed. Current supply was stopped after 9 weeks and was associated with a decrease in glycerol degradation and alcohol formation. This decrease was reversed by resuming current supply; however, when hydrogen gas was bubbled through the reactor during open-circuit operation (open-circuit potential) as an alternative source of reducing power, glycerol degradation and metabolite production were unaffected. Cyclic voltammetry revealed that the community appeared to catalyze the hydrogen evolution reaction, leading to a +400-mV shift in its onset potential. Our results clearly demonstrate that current supply can alter fermentation profiles; however, further work is needed to determine the mechanisms behind this effect. In addition, operational conditions must be refined to gain greater control over community composition and metabolic outcomes.

ID 13752
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=13752
Dennis, P.G., Harnisch, F., Yeoh, Y.K., Tyson, G.W., Rabaey, K. (2013):
Dynamics of cathode-associated microbial communities and metabolite profiles in a glycerol-fed bioelectrochemical system
Appl. Environ. Microb. 79 (13), 4008 - 4014