Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1017/S0376892913000027
Document author version
Title (Primary) Evaluating environmental governance in a Belarusian World Bank biodiversity project
Author Falaleeva, M.; Rauschmayer, F.
Source Titel Environmental Conservation
Year 2013
Department OEKON; UPOL
Volume 40
Issue 2
Page From 147
Page To 156
Language englisch
Keywords Belarus; biodiversity governance; environmental management; international organizations; outcome/process evaluation; participation; post-communist countries; project management; project evaluation; World Bank
UFZ wide themes RU6;

International aid projects in post-communist countries were meant to support environmental protection during the transition period and to introduce new standards of environmental governance. While the outcomes of the World Bank biodiversity project in the Belavezhskaya Pushcha National Park in Belarus were evaluated positively after its delayed completion, an assessment using the same criteria 10 years later questioned its long-term effectiveness. This paper links current project outcomes with the implementation process, and uses this knowledge to deduce lessons for designing and implementing future international initiatives in Belarus and other post-communist contexts. There are four interlinked and project-specific reasons for the observed unsustainability of project outcomes are identified: (1) the predominance of the natural sciences, (2) an unbalanced representation of actors within the hierarchical system of governance, (3) powerful implementation by official high-level actors, and (4) insufficient knowledge of participatory methods and principles of multi-level governance. In order to introduce new standards for environmental governance, international aid projects should (1) streamline communications between the actors at different scales, including donor organizations, local agencies and stakeholders in the receiving countries; and (2) use ongoing project and, in particular, process assessment to reflect on the project progress to achieve longer term effectiveness of project outcomes.

Persistent UFZ Identifier
Falaleeva, M., Rauschmayer, F. (2013):
Evaluating environmental governance in a Belarusian World Bank biodiversity project
Environ. Conserv. 40 (2), 147 - 156 10.1017/S0376892913000027