Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0064852
Title (Primary) Ranking landscape development scenarios affecting natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) population dynamics in central Poland
Author Franz, K.W.; Romanowski, J.; Johst, K.; Grimm, V.
Journal PLOS ONE
Year 2013
Department OESA; NSF
Volume 8
Issue 5
Page From e64852
Language englisch
UFZ wide themes ru5
Abstract When data are limited it is difficult for conservation managers to assess alternative management scenarios and make decisions. The natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) is declining at the edges of its distribution range in Europe and little is known about its current distribution and abundance in Poland. Although different landscape management plans for central Poland exist, it is unclear to what extent they impact this species. Based on these plans, we investigated how four alternative landscape development scenarios would affect the total carrying capacity and population dynamics of the natterjack toad. To facilitate decision-making, we first ranked the scenarios according to their total carrying capacity. We used the software RAMAS GIS to determine the size and location of habitat patches in the landscape. The estimated carrying capacities were very similar for each scenario, and clear ranking was not possible. Only the reforestation scenario showed a marked loss in carrying capacity. We therefore simulated metapopulation dynamics with RAMAS taking into account dynamical processes such as reproduction and dispersal and ranked the scenarios according to the resulting species abundance. In this case, we could clearly rank the development scenarios. We identified road mortality of adults as a key process governing the dynamics and separating the different scenarios. The renaturalisation scenario clearly ranked highest due to its decreased road mortality. Taken together our results suggest that road infrastructure development might be much more important for natterjack toad conservation than changes in the amount of habitat in the semi-natural river valley. We gained these insights by considering both the resulting metapopulation structure and dynamics in the form of a PVA. We conclude that the consideration of dynamic processes in amphibian conservation management may be indispensable for ranking management scenarios.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Franz, K.W., Romanowski, J., Johst, K., Grimm, V. (2013):
Ranking landscape development scenarios affecting natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) population dynamics in central Poland
PLOS One 8 (5), e64852