Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2008.11.013
Title (Primary) Conservation planning for successional landscapes
Author Drechsler, M.; Lourival, R.; Possingham, H.P.
Journal Ecological Modelling
Year 2009
Department OESA
Volume 220
Issue 4
Page From 438
Page To 450
Language englisch
Keywords Succession; Probabilistic model; Directionality; Site selection; Conservation; Planning; Correlation; Heterogeneity; Reserve; Disturbance; Adequacy
Abstract The systematic conservation planning literature invariably assumes that the biodiversity features being preserved in sites do not change through time. We develop a conservation planning framework for ecosystems where disturbance events and succession drive vegetation dynamics. The framework incorporates three key attributes of disturbance theory: heterogeneity in disturbance rates, spatial correlation between disturbance events and different impacts of disturbance. In our conservation problem we wish to maximise the chance that we represent a certain number of successional types given a cap on the number of sites we can conserve. Correlation between disturbance events dramatically complicates the problem of choosing the optimal suite of sites. However, in our problem we discover that spatial correlation in disturbances affects the optimal reserve network very little. The reason is twofold: (i) through our probabilistic framework we focus on the long-term effectiveness of reserve networks and (ii) in the dynamics considered in our model the state of a site is not only affected by the most recent (correlated) disturbance event but also by the site's long-term stochastic history which blurs the impact of spatial correlation. If successional states are the conservation target rather than individual species then, conserving a site can only contribute to meeting one target. However, given that correlation of disturbance events may be ignored, we show that if the number of candidate reserves is sufficiently large the statistical dependence of different conservation targets may be ignored, too. We conclude that the computational complexity of reserve selection methods for dynamic ecosystems can be much simpler than they first appear.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Drechsler, M., Lourival, R., Possingham, H.P. (2009):
Conservation planning for successional landscapes
Ecol. Model. 220 (4), 438 - 450