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Title (Primary) Geothermal heat flux into deep caldera lakes Shikotsu, Kuttara, Tazawa and Towada
Author Boehrer, B.; Fukuyama, R.; Chikita, K.;
Journal Limnology
Year 2013
Department SEEFO;
Volume 14
Issue 2
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T32; T31;
Keywords Physical limnology; Heat flux; Stratification; Density; Deep water
UFZ wide themes RU2;
Abstract Geothermal heat fluxes into the deepest waters of four caldera lakes were measured. Temperature profiles within the stratification period between July and November 2007 allowed a quantification of the acquired heat. Due to their enormous depth, heat input from the lake bed was locally separated from heat fluxes at the surface. In conclusion, a direct measurement of geothermal heat input could be accomplished. Although enhanced geothermal activity could be suspected in all cases, two lakes showed a geothermal heat flux of 0.29 or 0.27 W/m2 (Lake Shikotsu and Lake Tazawa), as found in other regions not affected by volcanism, while both other lakes (Lake Kuttara and Lake Towada) showed a greatly enhanced heat input of 1 or 18.6 W/m2, respectively. In conclusion, within our investigated set, all lakes acquired more heat from the underground than the continental heat flux average. Hence, the heat flux into the lakes from the ground was not dominated by the temperature gradient implied by the inner heat of the earth. Other effects like the general temperature difference of deep lake water and the groundwater or local sources of heat in the underground deliver more important contributions. Obviously the flow of water in the underground can play a decisive role in the heat transport into the deep waters of lakes.
ID 13607
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=13607
Boehrer, B., Fukuyama, R., Chikita, K. (2013):
Geothermal heat flux into deep caldera lakes Shikotsu, Kuttara, Tazawa and Towada
Limnology 14 (2), 129 - 134