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Title (Primary) Analysis of structure, function, and activity of a benzene-degrading microbial community
Author Jechalke, S.; Franchini, A.; Bastida, F.; Bombach, P.; Rosell, M.; Seifert, J.; von Bergen, M.; Vogt, C.; Richnow, H.H.
Journal FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Year 2013
Volume 85
Issue 1
Page From 14
Page To 26
Language englisch
Keywords benzene degradation; compound-specific stable isotope analysis; protein-SIP/RNA-SIP; stable isotope probing
UFZ wide themes ru3
Abstract We identified phylotypes performing distinct functions related to benzene degradation in complex microbial biofilms from an aerated treatment pond containing coconut textile. RNA- and protein-stable isotope probing (SIP) and compound-specific stable isotope analysis were applied to delineate bacteria and predominant pathways involved in the degradation of benzene. In laboratory microcosms, benzene was degraded at rates of ≥ 11 μM per day and per gram coconut textile under oxic conditions. Carbon isotope fractionation with isotopic enrichment factors (ε) of −0.6 to −1‰ and no significant hydrogen isotope fractionation indicated a dihydroxylation reaction for the initial ring attack. The incubation with [13C6]-benzene led to 13CO2 formation accompanied by 13C-labeling of RNA and proteins of the active biomass. Phylogenetic analysis of the 13C-labeled RNA revealed that phylotypes related to Zoogloea, Ferribacterium, Aquabacterium, and Hydrogenophaga within the Betaproteobacteria predominantly assimilated carbon from benzene. Although the phylogenetic classification of identified 13C-labeled proteins was biased by the incomplete metagenome information of public databases, it matched with RNA-SIP results at genus level. The detection of 13C-labeled proteins related to toluene dioxygenase and catechol 2,3-dioxygenase suggests benzene degradation by a dihydroxylation pathway with subsequent meta-cleavage of formed catechol.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Jechalke, S., Franchini, A., Bastida, F., Bombach, P., Rosell, M., Seifert, J., von Bergen, M., Vogt, C., Richnow, H.H. (2013):
Analysis of structure, function, and activity of a benzene-degrading microbial community
FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 85 (1), 14 - 26