Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1073/pnas.0801725105
Title (Primary) Individual movement behavior, matrix heterogeneity, and the dynamics of spatially structured populations
Author Revilla, E.; Wiegand, T.
Source Titel Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Year 2008
Department OESA
Volume 105
Issue 49
Page From 19120
Page To 19125
Language englisch
Keywords demography; Iberian lynx; metapopulation; population dynamics; source-sink
Abstract The dynamics of spatially structured populations is characterized by within- and between-patch processes. The available theory describes the latter with simple distance-dependent functions that depend on landscape properties such as interpatch distance or patch size. Despite its potential role, we lack a good mechanistic understanding of how the movement of individuals between patches affects the dynamics of these populations. We used the theoretical framework provided by movement ecology to make a direct representation of the processes determining how individuals connect local populations in a spatially structured population of Iberian lynx. Interpatch processes depended on the heterogeneity of the matrix where patches are embedded and the parameters defining individual movement behavior. They were also very sensitive to the dynamic demographic variables limiting the time moving, the within-patch dynamics of available settlement sites (both spatiotemporally heterogeneous) and the response of individuals to the perceived risk while moving. These context-dependent dynamic factors are an inherent part of the movement process, producing connectivities and dispersal kernels whose variability is affected by other demographic processes. Mechanistic representations of interpatch movements, such as the one provided by the movement-ecology framework, permit the dynamic interaction of birth-death processes and individual movement behavior, thus improving our understanding of stochastic spatially structured populations.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Revilla, E., Wiegand, T. (2008):
Individual movement behavior, matrix heterogeneity, and the dynamics of spatially structured populations
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105 (49), 19120 - 19125 10.1073/pnas.0801725105