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Title (Primary) Impact of vitamin B12 on the formation of the tetrachloroethene reductive dehalogenase in Desulfitobacterium hafniense strain Y51
Author Reinhold, A.; Westermann, M.; Seifert, J.; von Bergen, M.; Schubert, T.; Diekert, G.;
Journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Year 2012
Department UMB; PROTEOM;
Volume 78
Issue 22
Language englisch;
Abstract Corrinoids are essential cofactors of reductive dehalogenases in anaerobic bacteria. Microorganisms mediating reductive dechlorination as part of their energy metabolism are either capable of de novo corrinoid biosynthesis (e.g., Desulfitobacterium spp.) or dependent on exogenous vitamin B12 (e.g., Dehalococcoides spp.). In this study, the impact of exogenous vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) and of tetrachloroethene (PCE) on the synthesis and the subcellular localization of the reductive PCE dehalogenase was investigated in the Gram-positive Desulfitobacterium hafniense strain Y51, a bacterium able to synthesize corrinoids de novo. PCE-depleted cells grown for several subcultivation steps on fumarate as an alternative electron acceptor lost the tetrachloroethene-reductive dehalogenase (PceA) activity by the transposition of the pce gene cluster. In the absence of vitamin B12, a gradual decrease of the PceA activity and protein amount was observed; after 5 subcultivation steps with 10% inoculum, more than 90% of the enzyme activity and of the PceA protein was lost. In the presence of vitamin B12, a significant delay in the decrease of the PceA activity with an ∼90% loss after 20 subcultivation steps was observed. This corresponded to the decrease in the pceA gene level, indicating that exogenous vitamin B12 hampered the transposition of the pce gene cluster. In the absence or presence of exogenous vitamin B12, the intracellular corrinoid level decreased in fumarate-grown cells and the PceA precursor formed catalytically inactive, corrinoid-free multiprotein aggregates. The data indicate that exogenous vitamin B12 is not incorporated into the PceA precursor, even though it affects the transposition of the pce gene cluster.

ID 12984
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=12984
Reinhold, A., Westermann, M., Seifert, J., von Bergen, M., Schubert, T., Diekert, G. (2012):
Impact of vitamin B12 on the formation of the tetrachloroethene reductive dehalogenase in Desulfitobacterium hafniense strain Y51
Appl. Environ. Microb. 78 (22), 8025 - 8032