Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1021/es300505r
Title (Primary) Pesticide nonextractable residue formation in soil: insights from inverse modeling of degradation time series
Author Loos, M.; Krauss, M. ORCID logo ; Fenner, K.
Source Titel Environmental Science & Technology
Year 2012
Department WANA
Volume 48
Issue 18
Page From 9830
Page To 9837
Language englisch

Formation of soil nonextractable residues (NER) is central to the fate and persistence of pesticides. To investigate pools and extent of NER formation, an established inverse modeling approach for pesticide soil degradation time series was evaluated with a Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) sampling procedure. It was found that only half of 73 pesticide degradation time series from a homogeneous soil source allowed for well-behaved identification of kinetic parameters with a four-pool model containing a parent compound, a metabolite, a volatile, and a NER pool. A subsequent simulation indeed confirmed distinct parameter combinations of low identifiability. Taking the resulting uncertainties into account, several conclusions regarding NER formation and its impact on persistence assessment could nonetheless be drawn. First, rate constants for transformation of parent compounds to metabolites were correlated to those for transformation of parent compounds to NER, leading to degradation half-lives (DegT50) typically not being larger than disappearance half-lives (DT50) by more than a factor of 2. Second, estimated rate constants were used to evaluate NER formation over time. This showed that NER formation, particularly through the metabolite pool, may be grossly underestimated when using standard incubation periods. It further showed that amounts and uncertainties in (i) total NER, (ii) NER formed from the parent pool, and (iii) NER formed from the metabolite pool vary considerably among data sets at t→∞, with no clear dominance between (ii) and (iii). However, compounds containing aromatic amine moieties were found to form significantly more total NER when extrapolating to t→∞ than the other compounds studied. Overall, our study stresses the general need for assessing uncertainties, identifiability issues, and resulting biases when using inverse modeling of degradation time series for evaluating persistence and NER formation.

Persistent UFZ Identifier
Loos, M., Krauss, M., Fenner, K. (2012):
Pesticide nonextractable residue formation in soil: insights from inverse modeling of degradation time series
Environ. Sci. Technol. 48 (18), 9830 - 9837 10.1021/es300505r