|DOI / URL||link|
|Title (Primary)||Food intake, diet quality and behavioral problems in children: results from the GINI-plus/LISA-plus studies|
|Author||Kohlboeck, G.; Sausenthaler, S.; Standl, M.; Koletzko, S.; Bauer, C.-P.; von Berg, A.; Berdel, D.; Krämer, U.; Schaaf, B.; Lehmann, I.; Herbarth, O.; Heinrich, J.;|
|Journal||Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism|
|Keywords||behavior problems ;diet;epidemiology;depression;attention deficit hyperactivity disorder;psychopathology;mental health;child psychiatrutrition Hyperactivity Inattention; child psychiatry|
Background/Aims: To assess the association between food intake
and diet quality and behavioral problems at the 10-year follow-up of the two
population-based birth cohorts of the studies German Infant Nutritional
Intervention and ‘Influences of lifestyle-related factors on the immune system
and the development of allergies in childhood’.
Cross-sectional data on food intake over the past year were collected by a
parent-reported food frequency questionnaire. Diet quality was based on
reference values of food amounts of the optimized mixed diet. Behavioral
problems were assessed by a parent-reported Strengths and Difficulties
Questionnaire. Relationships between food category intake, diet quality and
behavior problems were examined using multivariable regression modeling adjusted
for gender, sociodemographic characteristics, body mass index, physical
exercise, television viewing/PC use and total energy intake. A total of 3,361
children with complete data were analyzed.
Results: Children with increased intake of confectionery had increased odds of having emotional symptoms [adjusted odds ratio (ORadj) 1.19, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08–1.32] compared to children with low intake. A higher diet quality score was associated with lower likelihood of emotional symptoms (ORadj 0.89, 95% CI 0.80–0.98). The unadjusted significant relationship between diet quality and hyperactivity/inattention was attenuated by adjusting for several confounders to an ORadj of 0.92 (95% CI 0.82–1.03).
Conclusions: Increased consumption of high-sugar products and lower diet quality are associated with a higher likelihood of emotional symptoms in children.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=12618|
|Kohlboeck, G., Sausenthaler, S., Standl, M., Koletzko, S., Bauer, C.-P., von Berg, A., Berdel, D., Krämer, U., Schaaf, B., Lehmann, I., Herbarth, O., Heinrich, J. (2012):
Food intake, diet quality and behavioral problems in children: results from the GINI-plus/LISA-plus studies
Ann. Nutr. Metab. 60 (4), 247 - 256