|Title (Primary)||High-resolution water content estimation from surface-based ground-penetrating radar reflection data by impedance inversion|
|Author||Schmelzbach, C.; Tronicke, J.; Dietrich, P.|
|Journal||Water Resources Research|
Mapping hydrological-parameter distributions in high resolution is essential to understand and simulate groundwater flow and contaminant transport. Of particular interest is surface-based ground-penetrating radar (GPR) reflection imaging in electrically resistive sediments because of the expected close link between the subsurface water content and the dielectric permittivity, which controls GPR wave velocity and reflectivity. Conventional tools like common-mid point (CMP) velocity analysis provide physical-parameter models of limited resolution only. We present a novel reflection-amplitude inversion workflow for surface-based GPR data capable of resolving the subsurface dielectric permittivity and related water content distribution with markedly improved resolution. Our scheme is an adaptation of a seismic-reflection impedance inversion scheme to surface-based GPR data. Key steps are relative amplitude-preserving data pre-conditioning including GPR deconvolution, which results in traces with the source-wavelet distortions and propagation effects largely removed. The subsequent inversion for the underlying dielectric permittivity and water content structure constrained by in situ dielectric permittivity data obtained by direct-push logging. After demonstrating the potential of our novel scheme on a realistic synthetic data set, we apply it to two 2-D 100 MHz GPR profiles acquired over a shallow sedimentary aquifer resulting in water-content images of the shallow (3-7 m depth) saturated zone having decimeter resolution.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=12573|
|Schmelzbach, C., Tronicke, J., Dietrich, P. (2012):
High-resolution water content estimation from surface-based ground-penetrating radar reflection data by impedance inversion
Water Resour. Res. 48 , W08505