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Title (Primary) Investigation of the geochemical impact of CO2 on shallow groundwater: design and implementation of a CO2 injection test in Northeast Germany
Author Peter, A.; Lamert, H.; Beyer, M.; Hornbruch, G.; Heinrich, B.; Schulz, A.; Geistlinger, H.; Schreiber, B.; Dietrich, P.; Werban, U.; Vogt, C.; Richnow, H.H.; Großmann, J.; Dahmke, A.;
Journal Environmental Earth Sciences
Year 2012
Department ISOBIO; MET; BOPHY;
Volume 67
Issue 2
Language englisch;
Keywords Carbon sequestration; CO2 leakage; Risk assessment; Groundwater monitoring
Abstract A small scale and temporally limited CO2 injection test was performed in a shallow aquifer to investigate the geochemical impact of CO2 upon such aquifers and to apply and verify different monitoring methods. Detailed site investigation coupled with multiphase simulations were necessary to design the injection experiment and to set up the monitoring network, before CO2 was injected over a ten-day period at three injection wells, at a depth of 18 m below surface level into a quaternary sand aquifer located close to the town of Wittstock in Northeast Germany. Monitoring methods comprised groundwater sampling and standard analyses, as well as trace element analyses and isotope analyses; geoelectrical borehole monitoring; passive samplers to analyse temporally integrated for cations and multi-parameter probes that can measure continuously for dissolved CO2, pH and electrical conductivity. Due to CO2 injection, total inorganic carbon concentrations increased and pH decreased down to a level of 5.1. Associated reactions comprised the release of major cations and trace elements. Geoelectrical monitoring, as well as isotope analyses and multi-parameter probes proved to be suitable methods for monitoring injected CO2 and/or the alteration of groundwater

ID 12327
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=12327
Peter, A., Lamert, H., Beyer, M., Hornbruch, G., Heinrich, B., Schulz, A., Geistlinger, H., Schreiber, B., Dietrich, P., Werban, U., Vogt, C., Richnow, H.H., Großmann, J., Dahmke, A. (2012):
Investigation of the geochemical impact of CO2 on shallow groundwater: design and implementation of a CO2 injection test in Northeast Germany
Environ. Earth Sci. 67 (2), 335 - 349