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Title (Primary) Institutionalising IWRM in developing and transition countries: the case of Mongolia
Author Horlemann, L.; Dombrowsky, I.
Journal Environmental Earth Sciences
Year 2012
Department OEKON; UPOL
Volume 65
Issue 5
Page From 1547
Page To 1559
Language englisch
Keywords IWRM; Water sector reform; Problems of fit and interplay; Institutions; Transition countries; Mongolia

Integrated water resources management (IWRM) forms the widely accepted ecosystem approach to managing water and its related resources in a sustainable way. Nevertheless, its implementation is still lagging behind, especially in developing and transition countries which are often short of essential resources and face complex political dynamics. IWRM often requires a fundamental realignment of governance structures. This may lead to problems of fit and institutional interplay as particular challenges of multi-level governance. Against this background, a case study of Mongolia was carried out, a transition country suffering from extreme climatic conditions and increasing depletion of its resources. While an attempt to introduce IWRM exists on paper, it is less clear how it will be made politically and institutionally applicable. A document review and stakeholder interviews were carried out to understand the progress and problems of introducing IWRM in Mongolia in the face of its transition and decentralisation process. Problems of fit and interplay—which are in part results of the transformation—were identified, as well as the approaches for their solution. Attempts are underway to overcome problems of fit such as the establishment of river basin councils which are presently facing the challenges concerning their room for manoeuvre. Problems of interplay arise when it comes to the cooperation and coordination of numerous water-related organisations which often lead to inconsistent water governance.
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Horlemann, L., Dombrowsky, I. (2012):
Institutionalising IWRM in developing and transition countries: the case of Mongolia
Environ. Earth Sci. 65 (5), 1547 - 1559