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Title (Primary) Differences in the climatic debts of birds and butterflies at a continental scale
Author Devictor, V.; van Swaay, C.; Brereton, T.; Brotons, L.; Chamberlain, D.; Heliölä, J.; Herrando, S.; Julliard, R.; Kuussaari, M.; Lindström, Å.; Reif, J.; Roy, D.B.; Schweiger, O.; Settele, J.; Stefanescu, C.; van Strien, A.; Van Turnhout, C.; Vermouzek, Z.; WallisDeVries, M.; Wynhoff, I.; Jiguet, F.;
Journal Nature Climate Change
Year 2012
Department BZF;
Volume 2
Issue 2
Language englisch;
Supplements https://media.nature.com/original/nature-assets/nclimate/journal/v2/n2/extref/nclimate1347-s1.pdf
Keywords Biodiversity and ecosystems; Biological sciences; Biology; Conservation; Ecology
Abstract

Climate changes have profound effects on the distribution of numerous plant and animal species1, 2, 3. However, whether and how different taxonomic groups are able to track climate changes at large spatial scales is still unclear. Here, we measure and compare the climatic debt accumulated by bird and butterfly communities at a European scale over two decades (1990–2008). We quantified the yearly change in community composition in response to climate change for 9,490 bird and 2,130 butterfly communities distributed across Europe4. We show that changes in community composition are rapid but different between birds and butterflies and equivalent to a 37 and 114km northward shift in bird and butterfly communities, respectively. We further found that, during the same period, the northward shift in temperature in Europe was even faster, so that the climatic debts of birds and butterflies correspond to a 212 and 135km lag behind climate. Our results indicate both that birds and butterflies do not keep up with temperature increase and the accumulation of different climatic debts for these groups at national and continental scales.
ID 12212
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=12212
Devictor, V., van Swaay, C., Brereton, T., Brotons, L., Chamberlain, D., Heliölä, J., Herrando, S., Julliard, R., Kuussaari, M., Lindström, Å., Reif, J., Roy, D.B., Schweiger, O., Settele, J., Stefanescu, C., van Strien, A., Van Turnhout, C., Vermouzek, Z., WallisDeVries, M., Wynhoff, I., Jiguet, F. (2012):
Differences in the climatic debts of birds and butterflies at a continental scale
Nat. Clim. Chang. 2 (2), 121 - 124