Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1038/NCLIMATE1347
Document Shareable Link
Title (Primary) Differences in the climatic debts of birds and butterflies at a continental scale
Author Devictor, V.; van Swaay, C.; Brereton, T.; Brotons, L.; Chamberlain, D.; Heliölä, J.; Herrando, S.; Julliard, R.; Kuussaari, M.; Lindström, Å.; Reif, J.; Roy, D.B.; Schweiger, O.; Settele, J.; Stefanescu, C.; van Strien, A.; Van Turnhout, C.; Vermouzek, Z.; WallisDeVries, M.; Wynhoff, I.; Jiguet, F.
Source Titel Nature Climate Change
Year 2012
Department BZF
Volume 2
Issue 2
Page From 121
Page To 124
Language englisch
Keywords Biodiversity and ecosystems; Biological sciences; Biology; Conservation; Ecology

Climate changes have profound effects on the distribution of numerous plant and animal species1, 2, 3. However, whether and how different taxonomic groups are able to track climate changes at large spatial scales is still unclear. Here, we measure and compare the climatic debt accumulated by bird and butterfly communities at a European scale over two decades (1990–2008). We quantified the yearly change in community composition in response to climate change for 9,490 bird and 2,130 butterfly communities distributed across Europe4. We show that changes in community composition are rapid but different between birds and butterflies and equivalent to a 37 and 114km northward shift in bird and butterfly communities, respectively. We further found that, during the same period, the northward shift in temperature in Europe was even faster, so that the climatic debts of birds and butterflies correspond to a 212 and 135km lag behind climate. Our results indicate both that birds and butterflies do not keep up with temperature increase and the accumulation of different climatic debts for these groups at national and continental scales.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Devictor, V., van Swaay, C., Brereton, T., Brotons, L., Chamberlain, D., Heliölä, J., Herrando, S., Julliard, R., Kuussaari, M., Lindström, Å., Reif, J., Roy, D.B., Schweiger, O., Settele, J., Stefanescu, C., van Strien, A., Van Turnhout, C., Vermouzek, Z., WallisDeVries, M., Wynhoff, I., Jiguet, F. (2012):
Differences in the climatic debts of birds and butterflies at a continental scale
Nat. Clim. Chang. 2 (2), 121 - 124 10.1038/NCLIMATE1347