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Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1007/s12665-011-1219-1
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Title (Primary) Challenges of an integrated water resource management for the Distrito Federal, Western Central Brazil: climate, land-use and water resources
Author Lorz, C.; Abbt-Braun, G.; Bakker, F.; Borges de Amorim, P.; Börnick, H.; Fortes, L.; Frimmel, F.H.; Gaffron, A.; Hebben, N.; Höfer, R.; Makeschin, F.; Neder, K.; Roig, L.; Steiniger, B.; Strauch, M. ORCID logo ; Walde, D.; Weiß, H.; Worch, E.; Wummel, J.
Journal Environmental Earth Sciences
Year 2012
Department CLE; GWS
Volume 65
Issue 5
Page From 1575
Page To 1586
Language englisch
Keywords Brazil; Water reservoirs; Water quality; Land use change; Climate change; IWRM
Abstract

Land-use/cover change (LUCC) and climate change are major controlling factors for water resources in the Distrito Federal in Western Central Brazil. Dynamic LUCC in the region has severe impacts on water resources, while climate changes during the last three decades is thought to have only moderate effects. LUCC affects water quantity mostly during base flow conditions. River basins with substantial expansion of agriculture since the end 1970s show a dramatic decrease of base flow discharge by 40–70%, presumably due to irrigation. In contrast, the effects of urbanization on runoff are less distinct, since factors controlling runoff generation might be more variable. For water quality, we found urban areas to have a strong influence on the parameters CSB, NH4 +, and suspended solids. In addition, we assume emerging pollutants, e.g. organic (micro)pollutants, might play a major role in the future. The project IWAS-ÁGUA DF focuses on creating the scientific base to face these problems in frame of an IWRM concept for the region. Results of our study will be a contribution to an IRWM concept for the Distrito Federal and will help to maintain high standards in water supply for the region.

Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=11867
Lorz, C., Abbt-Braun, G., Bakker, F., Borges de Amorim, P., Börnick, H., Fortes, L., Frimmel, F.H., Gaffron, A., Hebben, N., Höfer, R., Makeschin, F., Neder, K., Roig, L., Steiniger, B., Strauch, M., Walde, D., Weiß, H., Worch, E., Wummel, J. (2012):
Challenges of an integrated water resource management for the Distrito Federal, Western Central Brazil: climate, land-use and water resources
Environ. Earth Sci. 65 (5), 1575 - 1586