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Title (Primary) Carry-over effects of the membrane interface probe
Author Bumberger, J.; Radny, D.; Berndsen, A.; Goblirsch, T.; Flachowsky, J.; Dietrich, P.
Journal Groundwater
Year 2012
Department MET
Volume 50
Issue 4
Page From 578
Page To 584
Language englisch

The membrane interface probe (MIP) is widely used to characterize the subsurface distribution of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). One problem that arises during MIP application is that disproportionately high MIP signals are obtained after passing source zones which contain mobile or residual phases. This serious problem occurs because of a carry-over effect, in particular caused by compound-specific retention times in the conventional unheated transfer line, commonly used during such an investigation. The objective of this study was to perform a qualitative methodical field evaluation of the carry-over effect of a conventional MIP system with a conventional unheated transfer line. This was achieved by coupling a mobile mass spectrometer to the MIP device. Results obtained were then further compared with those achieved using a laser induced fluorescence (LIF) system. Because of this coupling, time- and depth-dependent signals for different substances became known. Field evaluation data obtained showed complex superpositions of compounds with MIP system results. As a result of this superposition, MIP signals from the saturated zone beneath the source zone (zone with free and/or residual phase) are blurred and are therefore not representative of particular depths. However, utilizing multidirectional probing alongside conventional MIP probing (forwards and backwards), it was possible to detect the upper and lower phase boundary of the source zone. These MIP results correlated excellently with the LIF results. An important conclusion that can be drawn from the field investigation is that coupling a mobile mass spectrometer to the MIP system enables advanced MIP signal interpretation to be successfully achieved.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Bumberger, J., Radny, D., Berndsen, A., Goblirsch, T., Flachowsky, J., Dietrich, P. (2012):
Carry-over effects of the membrane interface probe
Groundwater 50 (4), 578 - 584