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DOI 10.1007/s12665-011-1331-2
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Title (Primary) Evaluation of groundwater dynamics and quality in the Najd aquifers located in the Sultanate of Oman
Author Al-Mushaikhi, K.S.A.; Oswald, S.; Attinger, S.; Büchel, G.; Knöller, K.; Strauch, G.
Journal Environmental Earth Sciences
Year 2012
Department CHS; HDG; CATHYD
Volume 66
Issue 4
Page From 1195
Page To 1211
Language englisch
Keywords Environmental isotopes; Groundwater; Najd aquifer; Oman; Recharge; Water quality

The Najd, Oman, is located in one of the most arid environments in the world. The groundwater in this region is occurring in four different aquifers A to D of the Hadhramaut Group consisting mainly of different types of limestone and dolomite. The quality of the groundwater is dominated by the major ions sodium, calcium, magnesium, sulphate, and chloride, but the hydrochemical character is varying among the four aquifers. Mineralization within the separate aquifers increases along the groundwater flow direction from south to north-northeast up to high saline sodium-chloride water in aquifer D in the northeast area of the Najd. Environmental isotope analyses of hydrogen and oxygen were conducted to monitor the groundwater dynamics and to evaluate the recharge conditions of groundwater into the Najd aquifers. Results suggest an earlier recharge into these aquifers as well as ongoing recharge takes place in the region down to present day. Mixing of modern and submodern waters was detected by water isotopes in aquifer D in the mountain chain (Jabal) area and along the northern side of the mountain range. In addition, δ2H and δ18O variations suggest that aquifers A, B, and C are assumed to be connected by faults and fractures, and interaction between the aquifers may occur. Low tritium concentrations support the mixing assumption in the recharge area. The knowledge about the groundwater development is an important factor for the sustainable use of water resources in the Dhofar region.
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Al-Mushaikhi, K.S.A., Oswald, S., Attinger, S., Büchel, G., Knöller, K., Strauch, G. (2012):
Evaluation of groundwater dynamics and quality in the Najd aquifers located in the Sultanate of Oman
Environ. Earth Sci. 66 (4), 1195 - 1211