|Title (Primary)||Remobilization of pentavalent antimony and vanadium from a granular iron hydroxide material – a comparative study of different leaching systems|
|Author||Kolbe, F.; Weiss, H.; Wennrich, R.; Lorenz, W.G.; Daus, B.|
|Keywords||Antimonate; Vanadate; Granular ferric hydroxide; Remobilization; Rotating coiled columns; Extraction cell|
The remobilization of antimony and vanadium from previously loaded commercial granular ferric-hydroxide GEH material (intended for water treatment) was examined by using a sequential extraction procedure and three different leaching systems to evaluate their physicochemical mobility and potential availability under different simulated environmental conditions. A classical batch extraction, an extraction cell (EC) and rotating-coiled columns (RCC) were used as extraction systems.
For each system it could be shown that the content of ion-exchangeable antimony and vanadium in previously loaded material is negligible (<1.5%). The oxyanions were sorbed strongly and could be predominantly remobilized through reducing agents, which means through dissolution of the iron (hydr)oxide matrix.
The major advantages of dynamic systems in comparison to batchwise fractionation technique are the drastically reduced extraction time and the possibility of generating information to the leaching kinetics. It is shown that the efficiency of the three leaching systems is quite different employing Wenzel's sequential fractionation protocol. Only by working with RCC, the iron (hydr)oxide matrix was completely dissolved within four steps resulting in the total mobilization of antimony and vanadium. EC seems to be less suitable for leaching studies of Sb and V sorbed on iron(hydr)oxide. The remobilizable proportion of the several fractions was lower in comparison to batch and RCC and seems to be a result of an agglomeration of the GEH in the EC device.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=11423|
|Kolbe, F., Weiss, H., Wennrich, R., Lorenz, W.G., Daus, B. (2011):
Remobilization of pentavalent antimony and vanadium from a granular iron hydroxide material – a comparative study of different leaching systems
Talanta 85 (4), 2089 - 2093