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Title (Primary) Minerals controlling arsenic distribution in floodplain soils
Author Ackermann, J.; Vetterlein, D.; Kuehn, T.; Kaiser, K.; Jahn, R.
Journal European Journal of Soil Science
Year 2010
Department BOPHY
Volume 61
Issue 4
Page From 588
Page To 598
Language englisch
Abstract

As a consequence of intensive mining of the western Erzgebirge since medieval times, floodplain soils of the Mulde river contain large concentrations of arsenic (As) (>50 mg kg−1). Arsenic in soil is often bound to poorly crystalline Fe and Mn (hydr)oxides, which may dissolve under reducing conditions. Part of the As may also exist in primary minerals, predominately sulphides, or in secondary minerals formed upon weathering. In order to better understand the impact of seasonal flooding, we surveyed As-bearing mineral phases, especially of iron (Fe) (hydr)oxides. Because Fe (hydr)oxides are clay-sized, soil samples were fractionated into six particle-size fractions. The fractions were digested with aqua regia for determination of total element concentrations, extracted with hydroxylammonium chloride (NH3OHCl; selective for Mn (hydr)oxides and NH4 oxalate), and analysed by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The largely similar distribution of As and lead (Pb) suggested the potential co-existence of the two elements in primary or secondary mineral phases. However, neither As–Pb minerals nor any other As mineral were detected. Association with Mn oxides was negligible. The predominant As-bearing phases were poorly crystalline Fe (hydr)oxides, which also incorporated large amounts of Pb and were affected by redox dynamics.

Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=11137
Ackermann, J., Vetterlein, D., Kuehn, T., Kaiser, K., Jahn, R. (2010):
Minerals controlling arsenic distribution in floodplain soils
Eur. J. Soil Sci. 61 (4), 588 - 598