Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Book chapters
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-18384-3_13
Title (Primary) Ecological relevance of key toxicants in aquatic systems
Title (Secondary) Effect-directed analysis of complex environmental contamination
Author Schmitt-Jansen, M.; von der Ohe, P.C.; Franz, S.; Rotter, S.; Sabater, S.; de Zwart, D.; Segner, H.
Publisher Brack, W.
Source Titel Handbook of Environmental Chemistry Series
Year 2011
Department BIOTOX; WANA
Volume 15
Page From 315
Page To 340
Language englisch
Keywords Keywords Biomarkers; Community metrics; Environmental risk assessment; In situ bioassays; ms-PAF; Multiple line of evidence approach; PICT; Prognostic modelling; TRIAD; TUs

The effect-directed analysis (EDA) methodology is an important component in site-specific risk assessment of contaminated aquatic systems, but improves its relevance in assessment strategies when confirmed on ecosystem level. Several approaches are available to confirm the ecological relevance of EDA results, but just a few studies exist, directly linking EDA processes with field studies in the aquatic environment. In this chapter, approaches on different assessment levels ranging from molecular responses to integrated community analysis are summarised in a multiple line of evidence approach to illustrate their potential use in EDA-confirmation procedures. Biomarkers were identified to have the potential to bridge bioassay-identified chemicals from EDA studies to effects in indigenous organisms on a mechanistic level. In situ bioassays use reference organisms to directly link exposure to EDA-identified chemicals to site-specific effects on organisms at realistic exposure conditions. For the sites of investigation, in-depth information on chemical concentrations and site-specific community data may be available from monitoring programs. These data can be used to confirm the relevance of EDA-identified chemicals by linking their concentrations to community-level effects. The SPEAR-index directly links changes in macroinvertebrate communities to site-specific contaminants. Multivariate statistical tools and prognostic modelling based on the TU-approach or on ms-PAF modelling may reveal correlations of EDA-identified chemicals and provide prognosis on potential impacts on the ecological status. Next to the principles and examples of the suggested approaches constraints and challenges are discussed, when aiming to link the methodology of EDA with ecological-based site assessment. 

Persistent UFZ Identifier
Schmitt-Jansen, M., von der Ohe, P.C., Franz, S., Rotter, S., Sabater, S., de Zwart, D., Segner, H. (2011):
Ecological relevance of key toxicants in aquatic systems
In: Brack, W. (ed.)
Effect-directed analysis of complex environmental contamination
Handbook of Environmental Chemistry Series 15
Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 315 - 340 10.1007/978-3-642-18384-3_13