Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.envint.2011.03.013
Title (Primary) Nematode species at risk - a metric to assess pollution in soft sediments of freshwaters
Author Höss, S.; Claus, E.; von der Ohe, P.C.; Brinke, M.; Güde, H.; Heininger, P.; Traunspurger, W.
Source Titel Environment International
Year 2011
Department WANA
Volume 37
Issue 5
Page From 940
Page To 949
Language englisch
Keywords Nematodes; Benthic invertebrates; Freshwater; Soft sediments; Pollution; NemaSPEAR
Abstract Soft sediments are often highly polluted as many of the toxic chemicals introduced into surface waters bind to settling particles. The resulting accumulation of pollutants in the sediments poses a risk for benthic communities. However, pollution induced changes in benthic communities have been difficult to determine when using macro-invertebrates as bioindicators, as these organisms are often absent in soft sediment. The present study therefore examined the ability of meiofaunal organisms, specifically, nematodes, to assess the ecological status of soft sediments. Over a 9-year period, nematode communities present in sediments collected from large rivers and lake Constance in Germany were studied. These sediments showed a large range of physico-chemical properties and anthropogenic contamination. After the degree of metal and organic contamination was translated into ecotoxicologically more relevant toxic units (TUs), multivariate methods were used to classify nematode taxa in species at risk (NemaSPEAR) or not at risk (NemaSPEnotAR). This approach clearly distinguished the influence of sediment texture from that of the toxic potential of the samples and thus allowed classification of the nematode species according to their sensitivity to or tolerance of toxic stress. Two indices, expressing the proportion of species at risk within a sample (NemaSPEAR[%]metal, NemaSPEAR[%]organic), were calculated from independent data sets obtained in field and experimental studies and showed good correlations with the toxic potential (field data) or chemical concentrations (microcosm data). NemaSPEAR[%] indices for metal and organic pollution were therefore judged to be suitable for assessing the impact of chemical contamination of freshwater soft sediments.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Höss, S., Claus, E., von der Ohe, P.C., Brinke, M., Güde, H., Heininger, P., Traunspurger, W. (2011):
Nematode species at risk - a metric to assess pollution in soft sediments of freshwaters
Environ. Int. 37 (5), 940 - 949 10.1016/j.envint.2011.03.013