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Title (Primary) Algae as competitors for glucose with heterotrophic bacteria
Author Kamjunke, N.; Köhler, B.; Wannicke, N.; Tittel, J.;
Journal Journal of Phycology
Year 2008
Department SEEFO;
Volume 44
Issue 3
Language englisch;
Keywords algae; bacteria; competition; DOC; mixotrophy
Abstract Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) constitutes the bulk of organic carbon in aquatic environments. The importance of DOC utilization by mixotrophic algae is unclear since heterotrophic bacteria are regarded as more efficient users. We tested the hypothesis that algae decrease the DOC concentration in the light to lower levels than in darkness resulting in competitive exclusion of heterotrophic bacteria according to the mechanistic competition theory. We investigated (a) the uptake kinetics of glucose as a model substrate by two cultured algae and mixed bacteria populations, (b) the competition for glucose between algae and bacteria in chemostats, (c) the effect of discontinuous glucose supply in chemostats, and (d) the minimum glucose concentrations achieved in cultures of algae and bacteria. Bacteria showed higher specific-glucose-uptake rates than algae. In chemostats, algae became extinct in the dark and coexisted in the light where they decreased bacteria to lower densities. Discontinuous glucose supply promoted the algae compared to continuous substrate addition. Several algae consumed glucose to lower concentrations in the dark than in the light and showed lower or equal residual glucose concentrations than bacteria. Residual concentrations were not related to allometric traits (cell volume) and photosynthetic potential (chl content). Overall, the hypothesis was not supported, and mechanisms of competition for DOC obviously differed from those for particulate prey. However, since some algae showed lower or equal residual glucose concentrations than bacteria, algal dark uptake of DOC may be important in deep layers of many waters.
ID 1085
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=1085
Kamjunke, N., Köhler, B., Wannicke, N., Tittel, J. (2008):
Algae as competitors for glucose with heterotrophic bacteria
J. Phycol. 44 (3), 616 - 623