Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.12.023
Title (Primary) Three-dimensional hydrostratigraphic models from ground-penetrating radar and direct-push data
Author Schmelzbach, C.; Tronicke, J.; Dietrich, P. ORCID logo
Source Titel Journal of Hydrology
Year 2011
Department MET
Volume 398
Issue 3-4
Page From 235
Page To 245
Language englisch
Abstract Three-dimensional models of hydraulic conductivity and porosity are essential to understand and simulate groundwater flow in heterogeneous geological environments. However, considering the inherent limitations of traditional hydrogeological field methods in terms of resolution, alternative field approaches are needed to establish such 3-D models with sufficient accuracy. In this study, we developed a workflow combining 3-D structural information extracted from ground penetrating radar (GPR) images with 1-D in situ physical-property estimates from direct-push (DP) logging to construct a 3-D hydrostratigraphic model. To illustrate this workflow, we collected an 70 m ×90 m 100 MHz 3-D GPR data set over a shallow sedimentary aquifer system resolving six different GPR facies down to 15 m depth. DP logs of the relative dielectric permittivity, the relative hydraulic conductivity, the cone resistance, the sleeve friction and the pore pressure provided crucial data (1) to establish a GPR velocity model for 3-D depth migration and to check the time-to-depth conversion of the GPR data, and (2) to construct a 3-D hydrostratigraphic model. This model was built by assigning porosity values, which were computed from the DP relative dielectric permittivity logs, and DP relative hydraulic conductivity estimates to the identified GPR facies. We conclude that the integration of 3-D GPR structural images and 1-D DP logs of target physical parameters provides an efficient way for detailed 3-D subsurface characterization as needed, for example, for groundwater flow simulations.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Schmelzbach, C., Tronicke, J., Dietrich, P. (2011):
Three-dimensional hydrostratigraphic models from ground-penetrating radar and direct-push data
J. Hydrol. 398 (3-4), 235 - 245 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.12.023