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Title (Primary) Linking low-level stable isotope fractionation to expression of the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase-encoding ethB gene for elucidation of methyl tert-butyl ether biodegradation in aerated treatment pond systems
Author Jechalke, S.; Rosell, M.; Martínez-Lavanchy, P.M.; Pérez-Leiva, P.; Rohwerder, T.; Vogt, C.; Richnow, H.H.;
Journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Year 2011
Department ISOBIO; UMB; UBT;
Volume 77
Issue 3
Language englisch;
Abstract Multidimensional compound-specific stable isotope analysis (CSIA) was applied in combination with RNA-based molecular tools to characterize methyl tertiary (tert-) butyl ether (MTBE) degradation mechanisms occurring in biofilms in an aerated treatment pond used for remediation of MTBE-contaminated groundwater. The main pathway for MTBE oxidation was elucidated by linking the low-level stable isotope fractionation (mean carbon isotopic enrichment factor [C] of 0.37? 0.05? and no significant hydrogen isotopic enrichment factor [H])observed in microcosm experiments to expression of the ethB gene encoding a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase able to catalyze the oxidation of MTBE in biofilm samples both from the microcosms and directly from the ponds. 16S rRNA-specific primers revealed the presence of a sequence 100% identical to that of Methylibium petroleiphilum PM1, a well-characterized MTBE degrader. However, neither expression of the mdpA genes encoding the alkane hydroxylase- like enzyme responsible for MTBE oxidation in this strain nor the related MTBE isotope fractionation pattern produced by PM1 could be detected, suggesting that this enzyme was not active in this system. Additionally, observed low inverse fractionation of carbon (C of 0.11? 0.03?) and low fractionation of hydrogen (H of 5? 1?) in laboratory experiments simulating MTBE stripping from an open surface water body suggest that the application of CSIA in field investigations to detect biodegradation may lead to false-negative results when volatilization effects coincide with the activity of low-fractionating enzymes. As shown in this study, complementary examination of expression of specific catabolic genes can be used as additional direct evidence for microbial degradation activity and may overcome this problem.
ID 10777
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=10777
Jechalke, S., Rosell, M., Martínez-Lavanchy, P.M., Pérez-Leiva, P., Rohwerder, T., Vogt, C., Richnow, H.H. (2011):
Linking low-level stable isotope fractionation to expression of the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase-encoding ethB gene for elucidation of methyl tert-butyl ether biodegradation in aerated treatment pond systems
Appl. Environ. Microb. 77 (3), 1086 - 1096