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Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1007/s10530-009-9429-0
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Title (Primary) Strong body mass decrease of the invasive clam Corbicula fluminea during summer
Author Vohmann, A.; Borcherding, J.; Kureck, A.; bij de Vaate, A.; Arndt, H.; Weitere, M.
Source Titel Biological Invasions
Year 2010
Department FLOEK
Volume 12
Issue 1
Page From 53
Page To 64
Language englisch
Keywords Alien species; Bivalvia; Clams; Food limitation; Invasive species; Starvation stress
Abstract The filter-feeding clam Corbicula fluminea has widely spread from its Asiatic origin into freshwater habitats on several continents, where it often has a considerable impact on ecosystem processes. The present study was stimulated by the observation that C. fluminea can experience mass mortality during warm summers, even when temperatures are still far below the lethal level. We hypothesized that starvation due to low food quantities during summer is a main factor in this context. In order to test nutritional conditions in an environment where summer mortality occurred, the clams' body mass was tracked in river bypass systems installed at the Lower River Rhine (Germany and The Netherlands). Two food levels were adjusted in the bypass channels: one corresponding to the original chlorophyll level in the river (ambient food) and one with a chlorophyll a level reduced by about 50% (low food). The clams kept at the ambient food level increased their shell length during summer, although growth rates decreased at low food levels in the River Rhine in late summer. In contrast to shell length, body mass decrease in late summer cumulated in 94% reduction from August until October. This trend was enhanced by the experimental food reduction, i.e., clams kept in the low food level treatments weighed 60% less than the clams in the ambient food treatment at the end of summer. However, mortality was low in both treatments. The data demonstrate a high plasticity in the body mass of C. fluminea. The corresponding possibility to respire body mass can be seen as one strategy to survive longer starvation periods.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Vohmann, A., Borcherding, J., Kureck, A., bij de Vaate, A., Arndt, H., Weitere, M. (2010):
Strong body mass decrease of the invasive clam Corbicula fluminea during summer
Biol. Invasions 12 (1), 53 - 64 10.1007/s10530-009-9429-0