Publication Details

Reference Category Journals
DOI / URL link
Title (Primary) Improving load estimates for NO3 and P in surface waters by characterizing the concentration response to rainfall events
Author Rozemeijer, J.C.; van der Velde, Y.; van Geer, F.C.; de Rooij, G.H.; Torfs, P.J.J.F.; Broers, H.P.;
Journal Environmental Science & Technology
Year 2010
Department BOPHY;
Volume 44
Issue 16
Language englisch;
Abstract For the evaluation of action programs to reduce surface water pollution, water authorities invest heavily in water quality monitoring. However, sampling frequencies are generally insufficient to capture the dynamical behavior of solute concentrations. For this study, we used on-site equipment that performed semicontinuous (15 min interval) NO3 and P concentration measurements from June 2007 to July 2008. We recorded the concentration responses to rainfall events with a wide range in antecedent conditions and rainfall durations and intensities. Through sequential linear multiple regression analysis, we successfully related the NO3 and P event responses to high-frequency records of precipitation, discharge, and groundwater levels. We applied the regression models to reconstruct concentration patterns between low-frequency water quality measurements. This new approach significantly improved load estimates from a 20% to a 1% bias for NO3 and from a 63% to a 5% bias for P. These results demonstrate the value of commonly available precipitation, discharge, and groundwater level data for the interpretation of water quality measurements. Improving load estimates from low-frequency concentration data just requires a period of high-frequency concentration measurements and a conceptual, statistical, or physical model for relating the rainfall event response of solute concentrations to quantitative hydrological changes.
ID 10447
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=10447
Rozemeijer, J.C., van der Velde, Y., van Geer, F.C., de Rooij, G.H., Torfs, P.J.J.F., Broers, H.P. (2010):
Improving load estimates for NO3 and P in surface waters by characterizing the concentration response to rainfall events
Environ. Sci. Technol. 44 (16), 6305 - 6312