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Title (Primary) Active bio-monitoring of contamination in aquatic systems - an in situ translocation experiment applying the PICT concept
Author Rotter, S.; Sans-Piché, F.; Streck, G.; Altenburger, R.; Schmitt-Jansen, M.
Journal Aquatic Toxicology
Year 2011
Department BIOTOX
Volume 101
Issue 1
Page From 228
Page To 236
Language englisch
Keywords Diatoms; Field transfer; River periphyton; PICT; POCIS; Prometryn
Abstract The environmental risk assessment of toxicants is often derived from chemical monitoring, based on single species tests performed in the laboratory. However, to provide ecologically relevant information, community approaches are required. The aim of this study was to causally link prometryn exposure to community-level effects in complex field situations and to identify response times of adaptation to pollution and recovery from pollution. For this reason sensitivity shifts in communities were detected and related to structural changes within the periphyton community. Furthermore, it was intended to illustrate the possibility of a combined approach of community translocation and sensitivity assessment for active monitoring of polluted sites. Periphyton was grown at a reference (R) and at a polluted (P) site of the river Elbe basin for 26 days, was subsequently transferred from the polluted site to the reference site and vice versa. Sensitivity of communities to prometryn was determined according to the pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT)-concept in short-term tests by measuring photosynthesis inhibition and was related to structural changes in algal class and diatom species composition. Exposure to prometryn was determined using polar organic integrative samplers (POCIS), giving time-weighted average concentrations. Environmental concentrations of prometryn were significantly higher at the polluted site compared to the reference site. Communities grown at the polluted site showed a higher tolerance to prometryn in comparison to the reference site. 17 Days after the translocation to the reference site, EC50 decreased 2-fold compared to the non-translocated P-community of the same age. By contrast, EC50 of the community grown at the reference site was 5 times higher after 17 days exposure at the polluted site. Furthermore, P-R communities were less sensitive to prometryn (higher EC50) than R-P communities, 24 days after translocation. These changes in sensitivity to prometryn were consistent with changes in species composition and clearly indicate that the exposure history of communities is defining the time-response of recovery and adaptation. In conclusion, the PICT-concept is shown to be a suitable tool for analysis of recovery and adaptation processes of communities under natural conditions. Therefore, it improves the link between cause and effect in field situations. In situ translocation studies provide an ecological relevant assessment of pesticide effects under field conditions and could be used as a diagnostic tool in active monitoring for decision-making frameworks as used in the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD).
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Rotter, S., Sans-Piché, F., Streck, G., Altenburger, R., Schmitt-Jansen, M. (2011):
Active bio-monitoring of contamination in aquatic systems - an in situ translocation experiment applying the PICT concept
Aquat. Toxicol. 101 (1), 228 - 236