Publication Details

Reference Category Journals
DOI / URL link
Document Shareable Link
Title (Primary) Application of preparative capillary gas chromatography (pcGC), automated structure generation and mutagenicity prediction to improve effect-directed analysis of genotoxicants in a contaminated groundwater
Author Meinert, C.; Schymanski, E.; Küster, E.; Kühne, R.; Schüürmann, G.; Brack, W.;
Journal Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Year 2010
Department OEC; BIOTOX; WANA;
Volume 17
Issue 4
Language englisch;
Supplements https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1007%2Fs11356-009-0286-2/MediaObjects/11356_2009_286_MOESM1_ESM.doc
Keywords EDA; MODELKEY; Identification of unknowns; QSAR; UmuC
Abstract Background, aim and scope The importance of groundwater for human life cannot be overemphasised. Besides fulfilling essential ecological functions, it is a major source of drinking water. However, in the industrial area of Bitterfeld, it is contaminated with a multitude of harmful chemicals, including genotoxicants. Therefore, recently developed methodologies including preparative capillary gas chromatography (pcGC), MOLGEN-MS structure generation and mutagenicity prediction were applied within effect-directed analysis (EDA) to reduce sample complexity and to identify candidate mutagens in the samples. A major focus was put on the added value of these tools compared to conventional EDA combining reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC) followed by GC/MS analysis and MS library search. Materials and methods We combined genotoxicity testing with umuC and RP-LC with pcGC fractionation to isolate genotoxic compounds from a contaminated groundwater sample. Spectral library information from the NIST05 database was combined with a computer-based structure generation tool called MOLGEN-MS for structure elucidation of unknowns. Finally, we applied a computer model for mutagenicity prediction (ChemProp) to identify candidate mutagens and genotoxicants. Results and discussion A total of 62 components were tentatively identified in genotoxic fractions. Ten of these components were predicted to be potentially mutagenic, whilst 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, 2,4-dichloro-6-methylphenol and 4-chlorobenzoic acid were confirmed as genotoxicants. Conclusions and perspectives The results suggest pcGC as a high-resolution fractionation tool and MOLGEN-MS to improve structure elucidation, whilst mutagenicity prediction failed in our study to predict identified genotoxicants. Genotoxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity caused by chemicals are complex processes, and prediction from chemical structure still appears to be quite difficult. Progress in this field would significantly support EDA and risk assessment of environmental mixtures.
ID 10291
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=10291
Meinert, C., Schymanski, E., Küster, E., Kühne, R., Schüürmann, G., Brack, W. (2010):
Application of preparative capillary gas chromatography (pcGC), automated structure generation and mutagenicity prediction to improve effect-directed analysis of genotoxicants in a contaminated groundwater
Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 17 (4), 885 - 897