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Title (Primary) Visualisation of gradients in arsenic concentrations around individual roots of Zea mays L. using agar-immobilized bioreporter bacteria
Author Kuppardt, A.; Vetterlein, D.; Harms, H.; Chatzinotas, A.;
Journal Plant and Soil
Year 2010
Department UMB; BOPHY;
Volume 329
Issue 1-2
Language englisch;
Supplements https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1007%2Fs11104-009-0154-3/MediaObjects/11104_2009_154_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
Keywords Arsenic; Bioreporter bacteria; Rhizobox; Rhizosphere; Zea mays
Abstract The classical concept of arsenic transfer into plants through arsenate uptake via phosphate transporters, reduction to arsenite, complexation and compartmentation within vacuoles is challenged by recent identification of bidirectional transporters for arsenite and their potential role in plant As status regulation. Soil-based studies with chemical analysis of soil solution require root mat formation amplifying root effects on their surroundings and additionally denying investigations along individual roots differing in age and function. We tried to overcome these shortcomings by using bioreporter bacteria to visualise the spatial distribution of inorganic arsenic along roots and to characterize inorganic arsenic gradients in the rhizosphere concurrent with root age and branching. Therefore we developed an agar-based carrier element ensuring intimate contact between bioreporters and root-soil system and enabling fast and easy reporter output analysis. We show that inorganic arsenic distribution is related to root development with the highest bioreporter signal induction around lateral roots, which are known to show the highest expression of transporters responsible for bidirectional arsenite flux. Since there is so far no evidence for an arsenate efflux mechanism this is a strong indicator that we observed rather arsenite than arsenate efflux. No signal was detected along the distal region of young adventitious roots, i.e. the region of extension growth and root hair formation. The novel bioreporter assay may thus complement conventional measurements by providing information on the spatial distribution of inorganic arsenic on mm to cm-scale.
ID 10221
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=10221
Kuppardt, A., Vetterlein, D., Harms, H., Chatzinotas, A. (2010):
Visualisation of gradients in arsenic concentrations around individual roots of Zea mays L. using agar-immobilized bioreporter bacteria
Plant Soil 329 (1-2), 295 - 306