Publication Details

Reference Category Book chapters
DOI / URL
Title (Primary) Claims and realities of community-based water resources management: a case study of rural fisheries in Ghana
Title (Secondary) Natural resources in Ghana: mangement, policy, and economics
Author Hauck, J.; Youkhana, E.;
Publisher Nanang, D.M.; Nunifu, T.K.;
Journal Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
Year 2010
Department UPOL;
Language englisch;
Abstract To counteract low water productivity in many developing countries, international donors promote community-based management to replace top-down governmental approaches. In Ghana, the water sector was reviewed in the 1990s, which resulted in the decentralization of institutions and transfer of management tasks to communities, associations and private-sector entities. While assigning ownership and responsibilities to communities is feasible for rural water management, this Chapter shows that policy makers and practitioners tend to ignore the historical background of existing structures and antagonisms of traditional and present management systems. Implementation strategies are thus prone to failure. This Chapter analyses the administrative history of, and community-based participation in, water governance in Ghana from pre-colonial times to the present day. The case study on fisheries management has its setting in the Upper East Region of Ghana, where people use reservoirs to improve their livelihoods through irrigation, cattle watering and fisheries. In the course of rehabilitating projects, rights and responsibilities of management have been handed over to user groups or associations and village committees. Clashing traditional, governmental and participatory management strategies overtax communities to cope with responsibilities. These result in conflicts, mistrust and unsustainable resource exploitation.
ID 10057
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=10057
Hauck, J., Youkhana, E. (2010):
Claims and realities of community-based water resources management: a case study of rural fisheries in Ghana
In: Nanang, D.M., Nunifu, T.K. (eds.)
Natural resources in Ghana: mangement, policy, and economics
Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge, NY, p. 143 - 163