Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Buchkapitel
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Systematic classification, nomenclature and reporting for constructed treatment wetlands
Titel (sekundär) Water and nutrient management in natural and constructed wetlands
Autor Fonder, N.; Headley, T.;
Herausgeber Vymazal, J.;
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
Department UBZ;
Sprache englisch;
Keywords Down flow; Fill and drain; Subsurface flow; Surface flow; Up flow
Abstract This paper proposes a structured foundation for classifying and naming different treatment wetland (TW) design alternatives, based on observable physical design traits. A classification hierarchy is organised like a polychotomous key, from general classification criteria to wetland type identification. The three characteristics are typical of all TW: the presence of macrophytic vegetation; the existence of water-logged or saturated substrate conditions for at least part of the time; and inflow of contaminated water with constituents to be removed. Treatment Wetlands are further classified based on hydrology and vegetation characteristics. Hydrological traits relate to water position, flow direction and degree of saturation. Based on the predominant position of water in the system, two main groups are identified: those with Surface Flow above a benthic substrate and those with Subsurface Flow through a porous media. The systems with surface flow are divided into three standards types, differentiated by vegetation type: Surface Flow (SF), Free-Floating Macrophyte (FFM), and Floating Emergent Macrophyte (FEM) TWs. Subsurface flow systems always contain sessile emergent macrophytes and are divided into four standard types, based on flow direction: Horizontal Flow (HF), Down Flow (DF), Up Flow (UF) and Fill and Drain (FaD) TWs. Standard types are described with their main applications. Nomenclature is also proposed for all associated variants. An overview of intensified variants, which have elevated energy, chemical or operational inputs in order to increase efficiency or overcome process limitations is provided. A list of the important design and operational information that should be provided when reporting about TW systems is also given.
ID 9951
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=9951
Fonder, N., Headley, T. (2010):
Systematic classification, nomenclature and reporting for constructed treatment wetlands
In: Vymazal, J. (ed.)
Water and nutrient management in natural and constructed wetlands
Springer, Dordrecht, p. 191 - 213