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Titel (primär) Sex ratio in populations of Silene otites in relation to vegetation cover, population size and fungal infection
Autor Soldaat, L.L.; Vetter, B.; Klotz, S.;
Journal / Serie Journal of Vegetation Science
Erscheinungsjahr 1997
Department BZF;
Band/Volume 8
Heft 5
Sprache englisch;
Keywords disease incidence;habitat quality;population dynamics;Ustilago major
Abstract

In contrast to populations of most dioecious Silene species (which usually are female-biased), populations of Silene otites have been frequently reported to be male-biased. We describe sex ratio variation in 34 natural S. otites populations in Central Germany in relation to vegetation cover, population size and fungal infection. The overall sex ratio was unbiased in 1994 and only slightly male-biased in 1995. Sex ratio varied among the populations from 26.6 % to 72.6 % females. The sex ratio of small populations varied strongly due to stochastic processes. Furthermore, we found that populations in habitats with high vegetation cover contained a higher percentage of females. Hermaphroditic plants, theoretically, could increase male bias as they only produce male or hermaphroditic offspring. Their frequency in the populations, however, was far too low to affect sex ratio. In 1994 12.1 % and in 1995 17.0 % of the plants were infected by the smut fungus Ustilago major. Disease incidence in the population was not related to sex ratio, suggesting equal susceptibility of males and females. The sex ratio of partially infected plants did not deviate from the population sex ratio, both under field conditions and in a greenhouse laboratory experiment. The results suggest that the frequently reported male bias in Silene otites populations is not a general pattern, but is mainly caused by environmental conditions.

ID 9644
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=9644
Soldaat, L.L., Vetter, B., Klotz, S. (1997):
Sex ratio in populations of Silene otites in relation to vegetation cover, population size and fungal infection
J. Veg. Sci. 8 (5), 697 - 702