Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) β-HCH mobilization in polluted wetland soils as influenced by dissolved organic matter
Autor Kalbitz, K.; Popp, P.; Geyer, W.; Hanschmann, G.;
Journal / Serie Science of the Total Environment
Erscheinungsjahr 1997
Department ANA; HDG; SANA;
Band/Volume 204
Heft 1
Sprache englisch;
Abstract

The beta isomer of 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH) which is formed during synthesis of the pesticide lindane shows high mobility in polluted soils despite its low water solubility. Therefore, we studied the correlation between the quantity and quality of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and the mobilization and transport of beta-HCH in two soil profiles used as grassland and in incubation experiments. From our results we conclude that beta-HCH was mobilized and transported to deeper soil horizons probably by coupling between beta-HCH and DOM. The interaction of beta-HCH with DOM as indicated by the measured high partition coefficient between beta-HCH and DOM (logK(DOC) = 4.39) was much higher than would be expected from the physicochemical properties of beta 4-HCH. As suggested from synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy data, the capacity of DOM to bind beta-HCH increases as the more extended aromatic regions of DOM are accessible in the aqueous extracts. The addition of lime and fresh organic matter to the grassland soils did not affect the measured coupling between beta-HCH and DOM. Long drying periods increased the coupling up to 9.9 mu g beta-HCH per mg DOC. Water-logging destroyed the binding between DOM and beta-HCH despite increasing DOC contents. Our main conclusion is that qualitative differences in DOM due to changed environmental conditions can drastically change the coupling of hydrophobic organic pollutants to DOM and greatly affect pollutant mobilization and translocation.
ID 9374
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=9374
Kalbitz, K., Popp, P., Geyer, W., Hanschmann, G. (1997):
β-HCH mobilization in polluted wetland soils as influenced by dissolved organic matter
Sci. Total Environ. 204 (1), 37 - 48