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Referenztyp Zeitschriften
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Titel (primär) Sediment toxicity of a rapidly biodegrading nonionic surfactant: comparing the equilibrium partitioning approach with measurements in pore water
Autor Droge, S.T.J.; Postma, J.F.; Hermens, J.L.M.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Science & Technology
Erscheinungsjahr 2008
Department AUC;
Band/Volume 42
Heft 11
Sprache englisch;
Abstract The equilibrium partitioning theory (EqP) assumes that the toxicity of nonionic surfactants in sediment can be predicted from water-only toxicity data as long as the effect concentrations are properly normalized for chemical activity. Therefore, in marine sediment toxicity tests with the model alcohol ethoxylate (AE), C12EO8, freely dissolved concentrations were both measured via solid-phase microextraction and predicted using sorption coefficients. In fully equilibrated test systems (including the overlying water), both methods showed that concentrations in the pore water of the spiked sediment layer causing 50% mortality (LC50) to the amphipod Corophium volutator were in the same range as LC50 values for amphipods exposed to AE in seawater only. In the sediment systems, AE concentrations in the pore water remained constant up to 15 days, while concentrations in the water overlying the sediment decreased to less than 1% of initial concentrations within 6 days due to biodegradation. In such disequilibrated test systems, C. volutator survived pore water dissolved concentrations that were above the LC50. Apparently, this burrowing amphipod is able to exploit the low chemical activity in the overlying water as a refuge from sediment exposure.
ID 895
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=895
Droge, S.T.J., Postma, J.F., Hermens, J.L.M. (2008):
Sediment toxicity of a rapidly biodegrading nonionic surfactant: comparing the equilibrium partitioning approach with measurements in pore water
Environ. Sci. Technol. 42 (11), 4215 - 4221