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Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1023/A:1006152127824
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Titel (primär) Streuobst: a traditional agroforestry system as a model for agroforestry development in temperate Europe
Autor Herzog, F.
Quelle Agroforestry Systems
Erscheinungsjahr 1998
Department CLE
Band/Volume 42
Heft 1
Seite von 61
Seite bis 80
Sprache englisch
Keywords biological diversity; fruit trees; orchards; sustainable land use; temperate zone agroforestry
Abstract The development of agroforestry for industrialised countries can be furthered by an understanding of the history and present functioning of traditional systems. In temperate Europe, fruit trees were traditionally grown on agricultural land undersown with crops or managed grassland (Streuobst). The historical evolution of this agroforestry system has been driven by the interaction of technical progress, market development and intervention by public authorities. Streuobst reached its peak in the 1930s, but has since been in continuous decline due to the development of intensively managed dwarf-tree orchards. However, even today, it still occupies approximately one million hectares in 11European countries and has a strong impact on the European fruit market. The profitability of streuobst is relatively poor due to its low labour productivity, but it has advantageous ecological and socio-cultural features, particularly in terms of biological diversity and landscape aesthetics. Accordingly, it finds strong acceptance among the general public, such that subsidised eradication programs have been abandoned and, in a number of countries, streuobst is now supported by non-governmental organisations and by state conservation policies. Modern agroforestry in temperate, industrialised countries should be oriented towards the creation of similar ecological and socio-cultural benefits in order to receive public support as a land-use system.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Herzog, F. (1998):
Streuobst: a traditional agroforestry system as a model for agroforestry development in temperate Europe
Agroforest. Syst. 42 (1), 61 - 80 10.1023/A:1006152127824