Details zur Publikation
|DOI / URL||Link|
|Titel (primär)||The distribution and turnover of benthic organic matter in a lowland river: Influence of hydrology, seston load and impoundment|
|Autor||Wanner, S.C.; Ockenfeld, K.; Brunke, M.; Fischer, H.; Pusch, M.;|
|Journal / Serie||River Research and Applications|
|Abstract||The standing stocks of benthic organic matter (BOM) and some of its biochemical compounds (particulate organic carbon, particulate nitrogen, protein, and chlorophyll a) were investigated in the upper 12 cm of the sediments at several sampling sites in a free-flowing and in an impounded river section of the lowland River Spree (Germany). Several environmental variables were recorded, in order to determine their potential influence on the organic matter content in the sediments. It was shown that the organic matter content in the upper sediment layers was mainly determined by the local hydrological regime, which was best reflected by the particle size distribution at the sampling sites. For the deepest investigated sediment strata, no influencing factors could be determined. The amount and quality of suspended matter was of minor importance to sediment composition. Also seasonal effects could not be detected.
The impounded river section exhibited less seasonal variation in organic matter storage, as well as shorter carbon turnover lengths, longer carbon turnover times and lower rates of annual organic matter recycling than the free-flowing river section, which indicates that changes in river hydraulics result in alterations to the organic matter budget. These alterations could be related to the changed mesohabitat composition and to the higher standing stocks of organic matter in the impounded river reach. We conclude that both morphological and hydrological alterations affect the structure and function of running water ecosystems because of their negative effect on the organic matter cycling.
|Wanner, S.C., Ockenfeld, K., Brunke, M., Fischer, H., Pusch, M. (2002):
The distribution and turnover of benthic organic matter in a lowland river: Influence of hydrology, seston load and impoundment
River Res. Appl. 18 (2), 107 - 122