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Titel (primär) Structural control of groundwater flow regimes and groundwater chemistry along the lower reaches of the Zerka River, West Jordan, using remote sensing, GIS, and field methods
Autor Odeh, T.; Salameh, E.; Schirmer, M.; Strauch, G.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Geology
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
Department HDG;
Band/Volume 58
Heft 8
Sprache englisch;
Supplements https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1007%2Fs00254-008-1678-1/MediaObjects/254_2008_1678_MOESM1_ESM.doc
Keywords Geographic information system; Groundwater flow regime; Hydrochemistry; Remote sensing; Structural setting; Zerka River
Abstract A hydrogeological study was completed within a sub-catchment of the Zerka River drainage basin, in western Jordan. The system is characterized by anticlinal bending with an axis trending SSW-NNE and plunging a few degrees in the SSW direction. The anticlinal structure diverts groundwater flow towards the SSW while the strike-slipe faults cause the groundwater to diverge where the fault is perpendicular to the groundwater flow lines, and to converge where the fault is parallel to the groundwater flow lines. A direct relationship was found between the location of springs and the type of groundwater flow with regard to the amount of discharge wherein large spring discharges are located in zones of converging groundwater flow lines. In areas where faults are not abundant, the groundwater retention time in the aquifers is long and a zonation of the electrical conductivity was detected due to mineral dissolution. By controlling groundwater flow, the anticlinal setting produces three genetic groups of groundwater flow systems: (1) alkaline-earth alkaline water which is predominately a bicarbonate-type composition, (2) alkaline-earth alkaline water which is predominately bicarbonate-sulfate, and (3) alkaline-earth alkaline water with a high alkaline component.
ID 454
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=454
Odeh, T., Salameh, E., Schirmer, M., Strauch, G. (2009):
Structural control of groundwater flow regimes and groundwater chemistry along the lower reaches of the Zerka River, West Jordan, using remote sensing, GIS, and field methods
Environ. Geol. 58 (8), 1797 - 1810