Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.jembe.2003.11.006
Titel (primär) Complementary (secondary) metabolites in an octocoral competing with a scleractinian coral: effects of varying nutrient regimes
Autor Fleury, B.G.; Coll, J.C.; Sammarca, P.W.; Tentori, E.; Duquesne, S.
Quelle Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Erscheinungsjahr 2004
Department OEKOTOX
Band/Volume 303
Heft 1
Seite von 115
Seite bis 131
Sprache englisch
Keywords Sarcophyton ehrenbergi; Pocillopora damicornis; Competition; Cnidaria; Diterpene; Alcyonacea; Great Barrier Reef; Australia; Coral; Soft coral; Nutrient enrichment; Phytoalexin; Octocoral
Abstract Competitive interactions between two sessile, epibenthic species were investigated on the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) in the presence and absence of added nutrients, as part of the Enrichment of Nutrients on Coral Reefs Experiment (ENCORE). Sarcophyton ehrenbergi Marenzeller (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea), an alcyonacean soft coral, and Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus), a scleractinian coral, were relocated and placed in contact with each other on large plastic grids on each of 12 micro-atolls within the One Tree Island (OTI) lagoon (23°30'S, 152°96'E, GBR). These micro-atolls were allocated in equal-sized groups to three enrichment treatments (addition of nitrogen, N; addition of phosphorus, P; addition of both nitrogen and phosphorus, N+P) and one control. Non-relocated (NR) and relocated colonies were also monitored as controls. After relocation and 1 year of nutrient enrichment, concentrations of a terpenoid complementary metabolite-sarcophytoxide-and wax esters were analyzed in colonies of S. ehrenbergi that had been exposed to elevated concentrations of N, P, N+P and compared with colonies on the non-nutrient-enriched control. Non-relocated control colonies from the natural environment were monitored over a period of 1 year and compared to colonies relocated to the control micro-atolls to assess handling effects. Analyses were performed on non-interacting S. ehrenbergi colonies, S. ehrenbergi colonies in experimental contact with P. damicornis colonies, and on non-interacting S. ehrenbergi colonies from the site of initial collection. Significant differences were found between sarcophytoxide levels in colonies of S. ehrenbergi in contact with P. damicornis vs. control/non-contact colonies; contact colonies had higher levels of this metabolite. Non-relocated control colonies of S. ehrenbergi exhibited significantly higher levels of sarcophytoxide than relocated control colonies. Augmentation of nutrient levels in micro-atolls significantly increased sarcophytoxide levels in S. ehrenbergi colonies relative to colonies on the control micro-atolls, although this response was not strong. Concentrations of fatty esters increased significantly through time in S. ehrenbergi colonies in their natural setting (non-relocated controls). This variability was not observed in relocated colonies in the treatment and control micro-atolls, irrespective of contact with P. damicornis. Concentrations of fatty esters in colonies of S. ehrenbergi in contact with P. damicornis were significantly lower than control/non-contact colonies, indicating that there is a cost in terms of stored energy reserves for the production of additional complementary metabolites when involved in competition for space. Augmentation of P levels in micro-atolls induced significant increases in fatty ester levels within S. ehrenbergi colonies vs. colonies in control micro-atolls, or in micro-atolls treated with added N or N+P together. These findings indicate that interspecific competition for space between a scleractinian coral and an alcyonacean soft coral and/or changes in the environmental nutrient regime can influence concentrations of complementary/secondary metabolites in the alcyonacean coral and the organism's stored energy reserves.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Fleury, B.G., Coll, J.C., Sammarca, P.W., Tentori, E., Duquesne, S. (2004):
Complementary (secondary) metabolites in an octocoral competing with a scleractinian coral: effects of varying nutrient regimes
J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 303 (1), 115 - 131 10.1016/j.jembe.2003.11.006